Metered dose inhalers, dry powder inhalers and nebulizers are modes of aerosol drug delivery that are used to treat respiratory disorders such as Obstructive Lung Disorders, Asthma, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Cystic Fibrosis and Infectious Pulmonary Disease. A spacer is an external device connected to an MDI, to enhance drug administration through improved actuation and inhalation coordination. To inquire about inhalers, contact Dr. Sheetu Singh, a knowledgeable and experienced healthcare professional specializing in respiratory care. She can offer you professional advice and suggestions that are suited to your unique needs. 

What is a Metered Dose Inhaler?

Metered dose inhalers are tiny devices that propel a medicinal spray into the airways. Dry powder inhalers also administer medication, but the powdered medication needs to be inhaled deeply to reach the airways. 

The advantages of MDIs is as follows:

  • Multidose delivery capability
  • Portability
  • Lower risk of bacterial contamination

The disadvantages of MDIs are as follows:

  • the necessity of coordinated actuation and inhalation
  • Oropharyngeal drug deposition

What are Nebulizers?

Nebulizers are devices that convert liquid medications into a tiny mist that may be inhaled easily. They can be powered by batteries or electricity. A mouthpiece or facemask that is placed over the nose and mouth allows the mist to exit the machine through a tube. Children frequently utilize nebulizers as they don’t need to exert any effort to breathe the drug into their airways. 

Nebulizers have the advantages listed below:

  • Patients who are unable to employ alternative inhalation techniques should receive therapy
  • Permit administering high amounts of medication
  • Patient coordination is not required

The following are the disadvantages of Nebulizers: 

  • Higher cost
  • Decreased portability
  • Longer administration time and set-up
  • A supply of compressed air or oxygen (a jet nebulizer) may be required

What are Spacers?

Spacers are canisters that attach to the mouthpieces of metered dose inhalers making  the inhalers easier to use. Spacers make it easy for the user to use the inhaler and assist with the right dosage of the medication to be delivered.

What are Metered Dose Inhalers, Spacers and Nebulizers Used For?

Breathing diseases like asthma are typically treated with nebulizers, dry powder inhalers, and metered dose inhalers:

  • Asthma
  • Obstructive lung disease (also known as COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
    • Chronic bronchitis
    • Emphysema
  • Pulmonary Arterial hypertension
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Infectious pulmonary disease

Aerosol drug delivery may also be used with some types of non-respiratory therapy. Inhalers can be used to administer medication for:

  • Pain relief
  • Diabetes
  • Genetic diseases
  • Thyroid disorders

What are Metered Dose Inhaler and Nebulizer Medications?

Metered dose inhaler medications include:-

  • Beclomethasone Dipropionate (QVAR)
  • Ventolin, Proventil, Ventolin HFA, Proventil HFA, and Proair HFA are variants of albuterol sulfate
  • Cromolyn sodium (Intal)
  • Ciclesonide (Alvesco)
  • Flunisolide Hemihydrate (Aerospan HFA)
  • Flunisolide (AeroBid, AeroBid-M)
  • Fluticasone Propionate (Flovent HFA)
  • pratropium Bromide/Albuterol Sulfate (Combivent Respimat)
  • Mometasone/Formoterol (Dulera)
  • Triamcinolone Acetonide (Azmacort)

Dry powder inhaler medications include:

  • Budesonide (Pulmicort Flexhaler)
  • budesonide/Formoterol HFA (Symbicort)
  • Fluticasone propionate (Flovent Diskus)
  • Formoterol Furmate (Foradil Aerolizer)
  • Mometasone Furoate (Asmanex Twisthaler)
  • Salmeterol Xinafoate (Serevent Diskus)
  • Tiotropium Bromide (Spiriva Handihaler) 

Nebulizer medications include:

  • Albuterol Sulfate (Proventil, AccuNeb)
  • Arformoterol Tartrate (Brovana)
  • Budesonide (Pulmicort Respules)
  • Formoterol Fumarate (Perforomist)
  • Cromolyn Sodium (Intal)
  • Ipratropium Bromide 
  • Levalbuterol Hydrochloride (Xopenex)

How Do You Use Metered Dose Inhalers, Spacers and Nebulizers?

The thorough method for employing a metered dose inhaler is: 

  • Take off the cap, then hold the inhaler vertically.
  • Shake the inhaler
  • Exhale gently for three to five seconds.
  • Slowly take a breath through your mouth while releasing the medication by pressing the inhaler once.
  • If possible, hold the breath for ten seconds to allow the medicine to reach deep into the lungs
  • If more than 1 puff (actuation) is required, follow the procedure above again, pausing for at least a minute in between each actuation.

The general technique for using a spacer is:-

  • Make sure the spacer is clean and put together properly by the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Shake the inhaler canister well to mix the medication
  • Take it off the cap from the inhaler mouthpiece
  • Insert the mouthpiece of the inhaler into the open end of the spacer. Make sure it fits tightly
  • Breathe out fully to empty your lungs. This makes it more likely that the drug will be deeply inhaled into your lungs.
  • To inhale medicine into the spacer, press down on the inhaler canister once.
  • Start taking calm, deep breaths via your mouth once the drug has been released into the spacer. It ought to take 5-7 seconds to complete this.
  • Remove the spacer from your mouth after taking the prescription, then hold your breath for ten seconds to help the medicine penetrate your lungs completely.
  • Breath out gently and slowly
  • After use, clean the spacer as per the manufacturer’s instructions and allow it to air dry. 

An air compressor, nebulizer cup, mouthpiece or mask and medicine measuring equipment are all included in a nebulizer kit. The general method for using a nebulizer is:

  • Put together the nebulizer kit and plug in the power source.
  • Close the nebulizer cup after adding the prescribed dosage of medicine.
  • The mouthpiece or mask should be attached to the top of the nebulizer cup.
  • Connect the air compressor with the tubing at the nebulizer cup’s base.
  • activate on the gas pressure source at the reservoir’s mouth.
  • Inhale slowly through your mouth, occasionally taking deep breaths.
  • Confirm that a mist is produced by turning the nebulizer on.
  • If a mask is worn, make sure it is properly fastened.
  • Breathe through the mouth for the duration of the therapy. 
  • If the nebulizer begins to splutter, turn it off.Contact Dr. Sheetu Singh


What is MDI?

A pressurized sprayer known as a metered dose inhaler provides a specific dosage of medication. It is typically used to treat respiratory conditions like COPD and Asthma. Metered dose inhalers are simple to use. It comprises a compact, pressurized container holding medication, a dosage indicator and a mouthpiece or mask used for administering the medication. When the MDI is activated, the patient inhales the small mist or spray of medication that is released in a specific amount into their lungs. MDIs are a practical and efficient approach to delivering medicines straight to the airways, offering rapid relief from bronchospasm and inflammation. 

Advantages of Metered Dose Inhaler:-

  • Compact and portable
  • Cheaper than DPIs
  • Minimal preparation
  • The use of a spacer enhances the administration of drugs 
  • Accurate dose
  • Short delivery time
  • Drug preparation is not required

Disadvantages of Metered Dose Inhaler: –

  • require coordination between the actuation and inhalation if not utilized with a spacer
  • For persons who lead an active lifestyle, spacers may not always be practical or available, and they may not always be covered by drug insurance
  • High oropharyngeal deposition
  • Requires propellants
  • The technique is crucial for drug distribution

How to use a Metered Dose Inhaler?

Managing respiratory diseases like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requires the appropriate use of a metered dose inhaler (MDI). Start by taking off the cap and shaking the inhaler to make sure the medication is thoroughly mixed before using an MDI. To prepare your lungs, take a deep breath, then slowly exhale while standing or sitting up straight. You should inhale deeply as you gently start to press down on the canister to release a puff of the medication. Hold your breath for around 10 seconds to help the medicine reach your airways deeply. 

What is DPI?

A Dry Powder Inhaler is a type of inhaler commonly used to deliver medications such as inhaled corticosteroids into the lungs. This inhaler is breath-activated. The drug is released only when you take a fast, deep breath in through the inhaler. This is distinct from a metered dose inhaler, which propels drugs into the lungs. Advair Diskus, Asmanex, and Pulmicort Flexhaler are a few examples of dry powder inhalers. DPIs are an effective and feasible method to manage respiratory problems, but for optimal treatment results, patients must maintain adequate inhalation techniques.

Advantages of Dry Powder Inhaler:-

  • Portable and compact
  • No need for a spacer
  • No propellant
  • Actuation is caused by deep inspiration, hence there is no need to coordinate it with inhalation
  • Add dose counters that show how many doses are remaining in the device

Disadvantages of Dry Powder Inhaler: –

  • More costly
  • The released dose could be impacted by both humidity and temperature in the environment
  • Greater inspiratory flow rates are necessary for pulmonary deposition of excellent quality
  • Some certain lactose
  • Some have earlier expiration dates than others

How to use Dry Powder Inhaler? 

A dry powder inhaler is an Asthma treatment option for older teens and kids. A DPI makes it possible for the medication to enter the lungs deeply. These inhalers store the medication as a dry powder, as opposed to other inhalers that puff the medication. You must breathe quickly and deeply to get the medication into your lungs as it is inside a powder. If you have any further queries about dry powdered inhalers, contact Dr. Sheetu Singh, Her passion for improving the lives of individuals with respiratory conditions was truly inspiring. 

What is the Difference Between MDI and DPI 

Metered Dose Inhalers and Dry Powder Inhalers are two common devices used for delivering medication to the lungs, especially for the treatment of respiratory conditions like Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Asthma. They differ in their features and modes of action: 

  • Activation: MDIs necessitate synchronization between squeezing the canister and inhaling the drug. To ensure optimal medicine delivery, users must time their inhalation with the inhaler’s activation. Whereas, DPIs do not require coordination between inhalation and activation. The powder is simply breathed in by users at their leisure.
  • Easy to use: It may be difficult for some users to effectively coordinate the inhalation and activation, particularly for young people and those who have specific physical or cognitive disabilities. Whereas, DPIs are often considered easier to use for some people, including those who have trouble controlling their breathing with MDIs. 
  • Portability: MDIs are typically compact and small, making them easy to carry in a purse or pocket. Whereas, DPIs are also rather portable and small, even though they could be a little bigger than MDIS.
  • Maintenance: The temperature and humidity can have an impact on MDIs and they need to be cleaned frequently. Whereas, DPIs may need less maintenance than MDIs as they don’t use propellants. However, it’s still crucial to handle and store things properly.


International Yoga Day is celebrated on 21st June every year. This day is the longest day of the year and yoga helps people live longer lives. As the sun rises on 21st June 2024, individuals from all around the world will gather to celebrate International Yoga Day. International Yoga Day celebrates the spiritual and physical prowess that yoga has brought to the world stage. Although millions of people participate and practice it daily, it is a significant source of exercise and good activities. 

When is International Yoga Day 2024?

International Yoga Day 2024 :- Stretch your body and calm your mind like never before on International Yoga Day on June 21. This special day is devoted to the holistic practice of yoga, which encourages physical, mental and spiritual well-being. It’s a time when individuals from various backgrounds assemble and take part in yoga classes, workshops and events all around the world, highlighting the attraction of this age-old practice to people of all ages and backgrounds. So, mark your calendars for June 21st 2024, and join the global celebrations of International Yoga Day to experience the many advantages of yoga for a healthier, more well-balanced life. 

History of International Yoga Day 

People all across the world are getting ready to start exercising on their yoga mats for International Yoga Day, but many may not be aware that yoga has a long history. Yoga is considered as an ancient practice that began in India more than 5,000 years ago. Yoga flourished as a way to interconnect the body, mind and soul to step closer into enlightenment. As the method gained popularity in the West, it was promoted as a kind of exercise and relaxation that might also help with chronic pain and physical injuries. 

The idea of International Yoga Day was first initiated by Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi on September 27, 2014, during his speech at the UN General Assembly, where India’s ambassador, Asoke Kumar Mukerji, proposed a resolution designating June 21 as International Yoga Day. 

The date of June 21 was selected as it is the Summer Solstice, the day of the year with the maximum sunshine. Overall, it received support from 177 nations, the most number of sponsors to a UN resolution declaring June 21 as International Yoga Day. The first International Yoga Day was celebrated on June 21, 2015, in New Delhi by nearly 36,000 participants, including Prime Minister Modi and numerous other prominent political figures from around the world. Since then, the day has been commemorated in countries all over the world. 

Themes of Internationa Yoga Day 

  • International Yoga Day 2021 Theme 

In 2021, the theme for Yoga Day was “Yoga for well-being”. The theme emphasized the value of yoga for a person’s health. Since 2021 was also the year when the world was fighting the pandemic, individuals and communities all around the world realized the significance of the theme.

  • International Yoga Day 2022 Theme 

International Yoga Day has a different theme each year. Celebrations and discussions are held locally, nationally, and internationally depending on the theme. Ever since 21st June was announced as World Yoga Day, various schools, organizations and corporations have hosted diverse events to spread awareness about yoga as an exercise. The theme for Yoga Day in 2022 was “Yoga for Humanity.”

  • International Yoga Day 2023 Theme 

International Yoga Day 2023 was celebrated on the theme “Yoga for Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam”, which also represents ‘one earth, one family, one future’. This theme emphasizes how regular yoga practice contributes to the well-being of every person, regardless of discrimination.  

Event Details for International Day of Yoga 2024 

Date: June 21, 2024

Venue: Multiple locations and online

Significance of International Yoga Day 

Yoga is an old practice that combines meditation, physical postures, breathing exercises and ethical principles to promote the overall well-being of individuals. International yoga day in 2024 will inspire people to practice yoga regularly and experience its beneficial effects on their physical and mental health. Before delving into the 2024 event, it’s important to understand why International Yoga Day is celebrated worldwide. The day, which was instituted by the United Nations in 2014, aims to promote yoga as a comprehensive strategy for wellbeing. International Yoga Day 2024 aims to highlight the contribution that yoga may make to accomplishing the 17 sustainable development goals set forth by the United Nations earlier this year. 

International Yoga Day Timeline 

  • 200 BCE (beginnings): It has been discovered that these are the earliest reports of Yoga. 
  • September 27, 2014 (India proposes): Narendra Modi and the Indian delegation propose to create International Yoga Day. 
  • June 21, 2015 (first ever): In India, the first-ever Yoga Day is celebrated by almost 36,000 people.
  • June 21, 2018 (yoga for all): Over 100,000 people attend the biggest yoga class, which is held in India.

Why do we celebrate Yoga only on 21st June?

International Yoga Day is celebrated annually on June 21st every year to spread awareness about the benefits of meditation and yoga worldwide. This specific date was chosen because it marks the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, when the day is the longest and the energies of nature are thought to be perfectly aligned. The day is celebrated on 21st June every year, is a global event that promotes the mental, physical and spiritual benefits of practicing Yoga.


Nebulizers and inhalers, which were introduced to the world in the 1930s and 1950s, respectively, were precisely the inventions that patients with lung conditions like asthma had long wished for. This meant that patients could now easily inhale the medication that was required to manage and treat their illnesses. Nebulizers were the first to be invented and were certainly appreciated, but you couldn’t carry one about with you to work or school. As a result, when inhalers were introduced, they swiftly replaced other options as the preferred form of respiratory treatment. So, before looking at the same for nebulizers, let’s look into the benefits and drawbacks of the preferred inhaler. 

The Benefits of Inhalers: –

  • Allow for the quick delivery of medications to the airways, which is appropriate for COPD and asthma medications. 
  • Lightweight, small and easily portable in a pocket, purse or suitcase.
  • Quite simple to use when given the right instructions.

The Disadvantage of Inhalers: –

  • Small, portable, and quite simple to misplace, occasionally necessitating a search to recover one, often in cough cushions and beneath beds. 
  • Difficult for some individuals to coordinate, particularly mentally challenged, young children and the elderly
  • They are less suitable during asthma and COPD flare-ups or the final stages of COPD as they need a specific inspiratory flow to activate the medication. 
  • It’s simple to use an inhaler fast (puff-puff) and secretly. 

The Advantage of Nebulizers:-

  • Allowing for quick medication delivery to the airways is ideal for people with asthma and COPD.
  • Quite easy to coordinate and relatively easy to use (just breathe normally)
  • The medication is simple to inhale, independent of airflow restrictions brought on by flare-ups and advanced COPD. 
  • Nebulizers and air compressors are useful backups if you can’t find your inhaler as they are less portable and more likely to be found right where you left them. 

The Disadvantage of Nebulizers: –

  • The majority of air compressors need an electric source
  • The majority of affordable nebulizers are not easily portable
  • Nebulizer treatments frequently take 10 to 20 minutes, which presents a challenge in the fast-paced environment of today. 

Which Asthma Control Medication is Most Effective for Your Needs? 

The market is flooded with so many asthma controller medications that there are too many choices. A common query I get is: Which one is better for me? To answer this, Dr. Sheetu Singh suggests some basic components of Asthma.

  • Chronic  – Every asthmatic has some level of airway inflammation in their air passages.
  • Acute – When this chronic inflammation goes uncontrolled, exposure to asthma triggers may exacerbate it, leading to increased mucus production and airway spasms, both of which make breathing difficult. 

Based on this knowledge, Dr. Sheetu Singh knows that the best way to treat Asthma is:-

  • Control: The reduction of underlying inflammation
  • Prevention: Prevent asthma symptoms
  • Treat flare-ups: As soon as an acute symptom appears, treat it. 

When you reach this stage of asthma therapy, you decide to take asthma medications for the rest of your life. The average time it takes for a medication to start working is two to three weeks. You must take the medication every single day of your life for it to be effective, even when you feel well. You must therefore continue taking your controller medications even if you are feeling well today.  

The best part about today’s available asthma controller medications is that they are all just required to be taken once or twice a day. All you have to do is take your inhaler before you brush your teeth in the morning and also in the evening. The use of a nebulizer instead of an inhaler can be beneficial for some asthmatics. These would include:

  • Infants and young kids who are unable to use an inhaler 
  • adults with mental disabilities and the elderly who are unable to control an inhaler
  • Those with severe asthma who struggle to produce enough flow to activate inhalers

The best asthma medication for you relies on how severe your asthma is. Typically, Dr. Sheetu Singh will begin treatment with a straightforward inhaled steroid; if this works, no more therapy is required. Common inhaled steroids are: 

  • Qvar (beclomethasone): Two puffs from an inhaler, twice daily
  • Flovent (fluticasone): 1-2 puffs or inhalers twice a day
  • Pulmicort (budesonide): Nebulizer used to administer the solution twice daily 

Those medications are excellent if they work! You may now proceed. A long-acting beta-adrenergic medication along with an inhaled steroid may be advised by your doctor if you use one of them for a month or two and your asthma is still deemed to be poorly controlled. 

  • Advair discus (fluticasone, salmeterol): 1 inhaler twice daily.
  • Symbicort Turbohalert or inhaler (budesonide, formoterol): 2 puffs twice daily.
  • Dulera (mometasone, formoterol): 2 puffs twice daily.
  • Breo Ellipta (fluticasone, vilanterol): 1 puff once daily.
  • brovana/Pulmicort (formoterol): twice daily solution taken in a nebulizer .


Infectious Diseases in Adults :- Infectious illnesses account for one-third of all fatalities in adults aged 65 and older. The usual warning signs and symptoms, such as fever and leukocytosis, are frequently missing in the elderly, making early detection more challenging. The only presenting issue in an older patient with an illness can be a change in mental status or a reduction in function. Pneumonia is estimated to be the cause of 90 percent of deaths in people 65 and older. The elderly are primarily affected by influenza-related mortality. The most frequent cause of bacteremia in older persons is urinary tract infections. Asymptomatic bacteriuria occurs frequently in the elderly; however, antibiotic therapy does not seem to be effective. 

The elderly are particularly affected by the recent surge of antibiotic-resistant bacteria as they are more likely to contract infections in hospitals and other institutional settings. It is difficult to treat colonization and active infection; careful commitment to hygiene precautions is required to stop the spread of resistant microorganisms. Despite improvements in antibiotic treatment, infectious illnesses continue to be a leading cause of death in older persons. Physicians face distinct challenges while treating infections in elderly persons due to the diagnostic and therapeutic complexities.

Fever in Adults 

Fever is a raised body temperature that occurs when the body’s thermostat—located in the brain’s hypothalamus—resets at a higher temperature, typically in response to an illness. Hyperthermia is the medical term for elevated body temperature that isn’t brought on by a reset of the thermostat. Several body parts allow for the measurement of body temperature. The most common sites are the rectum and the mouth. Other sites include the forehead, ear and ideally Armpit. A digital thermometer is typically used to measure temperature. 

Oral temperatures are considered elevated when

  • In the morning, they are greater than 99° F (37° C).
  • At any moment after the early morning, they are greater than 100.4° F (38° C).
  • They are higher than the known average daily temperature of an individual.

Causes of Fever in Adults 

Substances that cause fever are known as Pyrogens. Pyrogens can originate from both inside and outside the body. Examples of pyrogens created outside the body include microorganisms and the compounds they produce such as toxins. Pyrogens formed inside the body are usually produced by Macrophages and Monocytes. Fever may also result from inflammation, a reaction to an allergic reaction, a drug, Autoimmune disorders and undetected cancer, especially Lymphoma, Leukemia or kidney cancer. Fever is a symptom of many diseases. They can be generally divided into:

  • Infectious (most common)
  • Neoplastic (cancer)
  • Inflammatory

Most Common Causes 

Fever can be caused by almost all infectious diseases. However, the majority of infectious causes are:

  • Lower and upper respiratory tract infections
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • Skin infections

Risk factors

People who have certain conditions (risk factors) are more likely to get a fever. These elements consist of the following:

  • The person’s health status
  • Certain occupations
  • The person’s age
  • Use of certain drugs and medical procedures
  • exposure to diseases, such as those brought on by travel or by coming into contact with sick people, animals or insects.

Evaluation of Fever in Adults 

A doctor can identify an infection based on a patient’s medical history, physical examination and occasionally a few quick tests like a chest x-ray and urine tests. Dr Sheetu Singh initially evaluated people with an acute fever, they focused on two general issues:

  • Finding other symptoms such as cough or headache; The wide range of potential causes is reduced by these symptoms.
  • Determining whether the individual is chronically or seriously ill; many potential acute viral infections resolve on their own and are challenging for clinicians to specifically diagnose, that is identify the specific virus that is causing the infection. It can be less expensive, wasteful, and frequently useless to restrict testing to those who are gravely or chronically unwell. 

Warning signs 

Some symptoms and traits in patients with an acute fever are concerning. They include:

  • Stiff neck, headache or both
  • Low blood pressure 
  • A modification of mental state such as confusion
  • Petechiae, which are small, flat, purple-red spots on the skin that signify internal bleeding
  • Rapid breathing or rapid heart rate
  • Shortness of breath
  • a temperature that is greater than 104° F 40° C or less than  95° F 35° C
  • Recent travel to a region where an endemic (regular) infectious disease, like malaria, is present
  • Recent usage of immunosuppressants, medications that weaken the immune system 

Essentials for Older People: Fever 

Fever can be challenging in older people because the body may not respond the way it would in younger age. For instance, infection is less likely to result in fever in elderly, fragile individuals. Even when the temperature is raised due to an infection, it may be lower than the standard for a fever and the level of the fever may not be consistent with how serious the condition is. Similarly, other symptoms, such as pain may be less noticeable. A change in mental function or a decline in everyday functioning is frequently the only other early indicator of pneumonia or a urinary tract infection. 

However, older people with a fever are more likely to have a serious bacterial infection than younger adults with a fever. A respiratory or urinary tract infection is frequently the cause, much like in younger adults. Soft-tissue and skin infections are also common causes in older people. Serious respiratory viral infections such as influenza, COVID-19 and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are more common in older adults.


According to the World Health Organization, infection prevention and control (IPC) is a scientific strategy and workable solution created to stop the harm that parasites can do to patients and healthcare professionals. It is an element of epidemiology that is important for understanding social sciences, global health and infectious illnesses. To improve patient safety and the health system overall, effective IPC is a public health concern. According to the WHO’s core components of IPC, access to healthcare services that are designed and managed to reduce the risks of preventable HAI for patients and healthcare workers is a fundamental human right. Dr. Sheetu Singh plays a pivotal role in infectious disease prevention and control through her multifaceted contributions. She is an expert in many facets of this crucial matter, beginning with the quick and effective diagnosis and treatment of infectious disorders.

The Spread of Infectious Disease

An infection is defined as the successful transmission of pathogenic microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, parasites or fungi that are spread. 

  • Directly:-
    • From person to person
    • Through respiratory droplets such as sneezing or coughing
    • Through fluids from the body
    • exposure to an infectious pathogen directly from the environment
    • During childbirth from mother to fetus
  • Indirectly:- 
    • Biological- intermediate host or vector such as Zika virus
    • Mechanical- vehicle or vector such as Plague transmission of Yersinia Pestis by Fleas
    • Airborne such as Tuberculosis

Epidemiological Triad 

Human infections occur when an infectious bacterium enters the body, multiplies and triggers an immune response that may lead to an infectious disease. The Epidemiological Triad is a set of three factors that are necessary for infectious disease transmission. 

  • The agent– The microorganisms that cause the infection and can be in the form of viruses, bacteria, parasites or fungi
  • The Host– The target of the disease
  • The Environment– The conditions and surroundings (which are external to the disease)

Infection Spread in Healthcare 

Due to the presence and proportion of susceptible people, healthcare facilities, including hospitals and primary care clinics, are a place where disease transmission is more likely to occur. During treatment, one in ten individuals contracts an infection though efficient infection control lowers healthcare-associated infections by at least 30%. The three elements necessary for infection propagation in a medical context are as follows: –

  • Source – places where infectious agents survive like hospital equipment, sinks, countertops and medical devices.
    • Environment- Sinks, hospital equipment, patient care areas, medical devices and countertops
    • People- healthcare workers, patients or visitors 
  • Susceptible person – Someone who has a weakened immune system, is not immunized against a certain infectious disease, or is not immune to it. 
    • Additionally, underlying medical disorders, drugs and essential treatments and procedures like surgery that raise the risk of infection can make people more susceptible.
  • Transmission – How bacteria are transferred to the affected person
    • Touch including via medical equipment or a susceptible person such as VRE or MRSA
    • Splashes or sprays for example, Pertussis
    • Inhalation of Aerosolized particles like Measles or TB.
    • Bleeding pathogens are spread through sharp injuries such as HBV, HIV and HCV. 

Controlling Infectious Diseases Within Communities 

Infection control and prevention is a global concern and numerous protocols and recommendations can be followed to reduce the spread of infection among individuals, within a group and globally. Identifying at-risk groups such as kids, the elderly and those with chronic illnesses, can also help direct initiatives to safeguard these groups. The first step in infection control may be to alter community practices, such as: –

  • Regular hand washing
  • Appropriate use of body and face masks prevents the spread of and protects from respiratory infections
  • Using insect repellents
  • Participating in immunization programs and ensuring current routine vaccines
  • Taking prescribed medications such as Antibiotics as directed by health professionals
  • Avoiding contact with outsiders-social distancing
  • Using protection when intimate, especially with new partners. 

Other steps that can be taken to stop the spread inside communities include environmental controls like:-

  • Surveillance of diseases
  • Modifying environments
  • Food safety
  • Air quality

Medical Interventions 

There are biochemical interventions that can be used in addition to straightforward measures to prevent and control infections to hasten the healing process and in certain situations, totally prevent viral infections. The development of Antivirals, Antibiotics and Vaccinations has been shown to speed up recovery, infectious illness spread is slowed down and in some cases eliminated from communities. 


Antibiotics are administered for bacterial illnesses to boost the body’s natural defense mechanism in eradicating pathogenic microorganisms. They are intended to either eradicate germs or prevent their reproduction. However, improper use of antibiotics, excessive prescription and bacterial mutation have resulted in the creation of resistant bacteria. 


The purpose of vaccinations is to increase immunity to a certain disease. Small amounts of the disease-causing virus or bacteria are introduced into the host during vaccinations to help the recipient develop natural immunity. The introduction of regular vaccines has slowed down and in some cases eradicated certain diseases such as Measles, Polio, Mumps, whooping cough and Rubeola. There are other vaccines available to prevent chickenpox, but they are only given to people who are at high risk of passing the illness to people who have compromised immune systems. 


Antibiotics provide no defense against infectious diseases that are caused by viral agents such as HIV, Influenza, Hepatitis and Herpes. Antiviral medications are most effective in these circumstances for preventing the infection from spreading and boosting immunity. 

Standard Precautions for All Patient Care: –
  • Perform hand hygiene
  • To prevent infection, put on personal protective equipment PPE
  • Follow cough etiquette principles/respiratory hygiene
  • Ensure appropriate isolation precautions and patient placement
  • Properly clean, handle and disinfect patient care equipment and medical instruments.
  • improving the flow of information among medical professionals, particularly when referring patients who may be contagious.


Although “infectious” and “contagious” are frequently used interchangeably to describe illnesses their meanings are quite different. Infectious and communicable diseases are two different types of illnesses with different symptoms and transmission modes. Communicable diseases are those that can be transmitted from one person to another through various methods such as droplets, direct contact or contaminated surfaces. These illnesses frequently spread quickly within communities and if not properly controlled, can cause outbreaks or epidemics. 

On the other hand, infectious diseases encompass a broader range of illnesses caused by microorganisms like viruses, fungi, bacteria or parasites. Not all infectious diseases are contagious, even though many of them are, as some can be spread by mosquitoes or the environment.  As a result, all communicable diseases are infectious, not all infectious diseases are necessarily communicable. Dr. Sheetu Singh, a specialist in infectious diseases, possesses the knowledge and experience needed to treat, diagnose and provide invaluable advice on various infectious ailments. 

Infectious Disease

An infectious disease is merely an infection. That occurs when a bacterium enters your body and settles in. This entails an exponential rate of cell division and growth for bacteria and fungi. On the other hand, viruses face the additional challenge of invading human cells and seizing control of their functioning centers. 

Infectious & Not Communicable

Although all communicable diseases are infectious, not all infections are communicable. For example, Tetanus can cause an infection, but a person with Tetanus infection can’t spread it to another person. The bacteria live in dust and dirt and get inside your body through abrasions like scrapes, cuts or punctures. Although the bacterium can cause extremely dangerous infections and illnesses in people, it will almost certainly never cause a worldwide pandemic. 

Invisible Infections Communicable Disease

A communicable disease is a contagious one. The effect is external. If someone contracts the disease, they may fall ill and infect the next person with the pathogen, which could be a virus, cold or other disease-causing agent. This can lead to isolated outbreaks and small or full-scale pandemics. The flu is one example of this, which occurs annually in the United States from around October to May. The influenza virus spreads widely as it is conveyed from person to person and through contaminated objects. One to two additional people who aren’t immune will probably catch the virus for every person who already has it. 

Methods of Transmission

Nature is inventive when it comes to how viruses might spread through a population. These are just a few of the most common ways that bacteria spread. 

  • Person-to-person 

Pathogens that go from one person to another can be transmitted several ways through respiratory droplets like sneezing or coughing, contact with blood, sexual activity or from mother to child during birth, pregnancy or breastfeeding. Although the germ can spread more easily when you are actively ill and sneezing or coughing frequently, you don’t need to have symptoms to be contagious. For instance, Measles can be spread up to four days before the distinctive rash appears and the virus can remain in the air for up to two hours after you leave the area. 

  • Vectors 

Certain microbes are transmitted by a more convoluted person-vector path rather than directly from person to person. For instance, mosquitoes carry the parasite that causes malaria after biting a person who has the disease and then transmitting it to the next person they bite. The mere presence of mosquitoes is insufficient for disease transmission; they primarily act as conduits. Without the presence of individuals infected with malaria, mosquitoes cannot transmit the disease. 

  • Fomites 

Hand-washing holds great significance in disease prevention due to the abundance of everyday objects we come into contact with, teeming with harmful germs capable of causing illness. During flu and cold season, It’s usual for viruses to spread to the next person by accidentally wiping a runny nose and then touching a doorknob. When you approach them from behind to open the same door, the viruses adhere to your skin and wait for an opening to enter your body, frequently when you are rubbing your eyes or touching your nose.

  • Fecal-Oral and Foodborne 

The term fecal-oral refers to the transmission of germs through an oral surface that has been polluted with feces. For instance, a person who neglected to wash their hands after using the restroom can infect a doorknob. If another person touches the same doorknob and then puts his or her hand in their mouth, they could become infected. 

Another way of contamination is food poisoning, caused by ingestion of toxins usually from spoiled food. The spoiled food may contain parasites, toxins and bacteria. Most often the bacteria that spoil food and can cause illness in humans include Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella, Coli, Botulinum, Cholera, Campylobacter and Listeria.


The Impact of 28 Devastating Infectious Diseases :- Infectious diseases still exist today and have affected human history. Such contagious diseases are on many of our minds as the new coronavirus spreads over mainland China and other parts of the world. Here is a look at some of the worst of these epidemics, including the latest SARS, new coronavirus and Zika virus as well as Ebola and Dengue. 

  1. The new coronavirus :-
    The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a fresh coronavirus strain that initially surfaced in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. In China, the virus has caused more than 40,000 illnesses and 900 deaths as of February 10, 2020. The huge virus family known as coronaviruses is responsible for many respiratory diseases. These viruses are those that cause MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) and SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome).
  2. Smallpox  :-
    Smallpox causes skin lesions, which emerged about 3000 years ago in India or Egypt before sweeping across the globe. According to the World Health Organization, the Variola virus, which causes smallpox, left up to a third of those it infected dead, while also leaving other victims with scars and blindness.  In 1980, the WHO declared the disease officially eradicated after a decade-long vaccination campaign. Facilities in the US and Russia are holding the virus’s final samples.
  3. Plague :-
    There are three different types of the disease, but the most well-known is bubonic plague, which is distinguished by buboes, or painful enlarged lymph nodes. Plague can have a 50% to 60% fatality rate in people who are not treated, according to the WHO, even though the disease is treatable because of antibiotics introduced in the 1940s.
  4. Malaria :-
    Malaria has devastated parts of Africa, although it is curable and preventable, where the illness causes 20% of all childhood deaths, citing the World Health Organization. A parasite carried by blood-sucking mosquitoes causes the disease, which is initially characterized by chills, fever and flu-like symptoms before progressing to more serious complications.
  5. Influenza :-
    According to the World Health Organization, Flu, a seasonal respiratory infection is responsible for about 3 million to 5 million cases of severe illness and about 2,50,000 to 5,00,000 deaths per year across the globe. Some influenza viruses can cross species boundaries, as the recent swine flu and bird flu concerns showed.
  6. Tuberculosis :-
    Potentially fatal TB or Tuberculosis is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis which usually causes the signature bloody coughs and attacks the lungs. Up to one-third of the world’s population currently harbors the bacterium without exhibiting symptoms, and it does not always make those it infects sick. Additionally, 5% to 10% of those with TB infection (but not HIV) will get sick or spread an infection at some point in their lifespan.
  7. HIV/AIDS :-
    HIV is a relatively new disease, in contrast to many of the worst offenders on this list, which have a lengthy history with humans. It was discovered in 1981 that specific immune system cells are decimated by HIV. HIV makes its victims more vulnerable to a wide range of opportunistic illnesses by weakening a portion of the immune system.
  8. Cholera :-
    Acute diarrhea from cholera can be dangerous if not treated in a matter of hours. People contract the disease by consuming foods or beverages that carry the Vibrio cholerae bacterium. Through infected feces, the bacteria frequently contaminate food and water. Since it can take 12 hours to 5 days to show symptoms, People’s excrement can unintentionally transmit the disease.
  9. Rabies :-
    The initial symptoms of rabies can be hard to detect in humans, as they mimic the flu including fever, discomfort and general weakness. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), when the disease progresses, patients may experience abnormal behavior, delirium, insomnia and hallucinations.
  10. Pneumonia :-
    Pneumonia may not be as terrifying as illnesses like rabies or smallpox, but it can still be fatal, especially for anyone under the age of 5 or over 65. Inflammation of the air sacs in one or both lungs is a symptom of the illness of pneumonia. The air sacs may swell with fluid or pus (purulent material), which can cause breathing difficulties, a fever, chills, and a cough that produces pus or phlegm. The disease can be caused by a virus, bacteria or a combination of both. According to Dr. Sheetu Singh, a person can get pneumonia from a parasite, fungal infection or reactions to certain medicines.
  11. Infectious Diarrhea :-
    The virus causes dehydration brought upon by severe vomiting and watery diarrhea. According to WHO, four Rotavirus vaccines are considered highly effective at preventing the disease. A potentially deadly diarrheal illness, rotavirus is the most frequent cause of viral gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines).
  12. Ebola :-
    A healthy individual can get the Ebola virus by coming into contact with an infected person’s blood or secretions or by handling objects (such as clothing or bedding) that have been exposed to these fluids. The virus is passed from one person to another by bodily fluids. The virus spreads very rapidly, overcoming the body’s immune response and causing muscle pain, fever, weakness, headaches, diarrhea, abdominal pain and vomiting.
  13. Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease :-
    Humans can get VCJD when they eat beef from cows with Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), a disease similar to VCJD that occurs in cattle. About 225 cases of vCJD were recorded in the UK and numerous other nations between 1996 and March 2011. According to WHO, individuals infected with VCJD tend to be younger than those infected with CJD.
  14. Marburg :-
    The filamentous forms of the viral particles are the defining hallmark of the Filovirus family of viruses, which includes the Marburg virus. The Marburg virus disease (MVD), is spread from one person to another through bodily fluids much like Ebola. The Marburg virus can infect monkeys just like it does human beings.
  15. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) :-
    The Middle East respiratory syndrome, or MERS, a viral respiratory disease that was initially discovered in 2012 in Saudi Arabia, turns out to be another lethal disease that is spread by bats, in addition to diseases like Ebola and Marburg. According to the WHO, MERs originated in bats, its major reservoir in the Middle East is likely dromedary camels.
  16. Dengue :-
    According to the WHO and the CDC, mosquito-borne viruses of which dengue is one of many kill an estimated 50,000 people worldwide every year. Dengue is a disease that can be caused by one of four related viruses such as DENV 1, DENV 2, DENV 3 and DENV 4. Sometimes the virus causes severe dengue or dengue hemorrhagic fever, a potentially fatal consequence with symptoms including fever, stomach pain, vomiting, blood and problems breathing.
  17. Yellow Fever :-
    Similar to dengue, yellow fever is a flavivirus and is transmitted from one person to another by mosquitoes. Jaundice or a yellowing of the skin and eyes, is a sign of the illness that is observed by a tiny number of those who are affected. According to the WHO, half of the patients who enter the toxic phase of yellow fever die within 7 to 10 days.
  18. Hantaviruses :-
    Hantaviruses are spread to humans by rodents, particularly from rats and mice. People who come into contact with these animal’s bodily secretions directly or who breathe in virus-carrying aerosolized particles from those secretions may contract a hantavirus. Fever, vomiting, and dizziness are among the first signs of this illness, which is similar to HPS in that it can also result in kidney failure and bleeding.
  19. Anthrax :-
    Anthrax is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Bacillus Anthracis, It inhabits soil and typically infects domestic and wild animals, including goats, cattle, and sheep. The disease typically infects people when they come into contact with infected animals or animal products.
  20. MRSA “Superbug” :-
    Shortened form of methicillin-resistant The staph bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, also known as MRSA, is capable of inflicting potentially fatal skin and bloodstream infections and is resistant to the majority of antibiotics used to treat these infections.
  21. Pertussis :-
    The respiratory tract infection pertussis, widely known as whooping cough, is brought on by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Pertussis is dangerous for babies, who can experience apnea or pauses in breathing. 87% of people who died from whooping cough between 2000 and 2012 were babies less than 3 months old.
  22. Tetanus :-
    Tetanus, an infection brought on by the bacteria Clostridium tetani, can be prevented by receiving the Tdap vaccine, which protects against pertussis. Tetanus-causing bacteria exist on the intestines of humans and animals as well as in dirt or soil (as well as objects left lying around in the dirt, like rusty nails) which they enter through the skin.
  23. Meningitis :-
    Meningitis is the medical term for inflammation of the membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord, or meninges. Fungi, viruses, and bacteria are just a few of the possible causes of this contagious illness. Some people get meningitis after having brain surgery, suffering a head injury or having certain kinds of cancer.
  24. Syphilis :-
    The sexually transmitted disease syphilis is relatively treatable, but if left untreated it can have devastating side effects. An individual’s genitalia or anus may develop sores in the early stages of the illness. Many people just ignore these sores or mistake them for ingrown hairs or blemishes as they are often small, painless and they heal on their own. The second phase of the disease is more noticeable and usually begins with a rash on one more part of the body.
  25. SARS :-
    The virus responsible for the pandemics in 2002 and 2003 that killed more than 750 people globally is known as SARS. SARS is spread to people by bats much like the Marburg virus, Ebola viruses and MERS. According to the National Institutes of Health, the SARS virus likely originated in horseshoe bats in China.
  26. Leprosy :-
    Leprosy is an infectious, chronic illness brought on by the Mycobacterium leprae bacteria. Leprosy, often known as Hansen’s illness after the Norwegian physician who discovered the causative microbe, has an impact on the eyes, upper respiratory system, peripheral nerves and skin.
  27. Measles :-
    Measles, commonly known as rubeola, is one of the most contagious viral diseases that results in a recognizable red skin rash. There are additional signs of this viral illness that resemble cold symptoms.
  28. Zika :-
    The Zika virus is a flavivirus spread by mosquitoes of the Aedes genus and was first discovered in Africa in 1947. For the majority of adults, Zika virus sickness is not extremely harmful, but it can have serious consequences for pregnancy and babies. Those who do get sick could have conjunctivitis (pink eye), rash, fever and joint discomfort, but these symptoms are often minor and only last a few days.


Infectious diseases are illnesses brought on by pathogens, which are dangerous substances that enter your body. The most common causes are bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Infectious diseases usually spread through contaminated food or water, from person to person and through bug bites. Some infectious diseases are very serious and some are minor. Infectious diseases are illnesses brought on by pathogens—dangerous organisms—that enter your body from the outside. Pathogens that cause infectious diseases are bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. If you need advice or care for infectious diseases from an expert, contact Dr Sheetu Singh a distinguished infectious diseases specialist renowned for her extensive experience and knowledge in the field. She has experience in identifying and treating a variety of infectious diseases and is committed to giving her patients compassionate care and state-of-the-art treatments. 

What is the Difference Between Infectious Diseases and Noninfectious Diseases?

Viruses and bacteria are two examples of dangerous creatures that enter your body from the outside and cause infectious diseases. Non-infectious diseases are not brought on by external organisms, but rather by genetics, anatomical variations, aging and your environment. Diseases that are not contagious cannot be acquired from other people, by an insect bite, or through food. Measles, flu, HIV, strep throat, COVID-19 and salmonella are all examples of infectious diseases. Diabetes, Cancer and congestive heart failure are all examples of noninfectious diseases. 

What are the Types of Infectious Diseases? 

Infectious diseases can be bacterial, viral, parasitic or fungal infectious. The rare class of infectious diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) affects people. 

  • Viral infectious: Viruses are a piece of information inside of a protective shell (Capsid). Viruses are incapable of self-replication as they are considerably smaller than your cells. They enter your cells and use the equipment there to duplicate themselves.
  • Bacterial infections: Bacteria are single-celled organisms whose genetic code is encoded on a tiny piece of DNA. Bacteria can be found everywhere, including on our skin and inside our bodies. While many bacteria are harmless or even helpful, certain bacteria produce toxins that can make you ill.
  • Fungal infectious: Like bacteria, there are several fungi. They live in and on your body. When your fungi get lush or when harmful fungi get into your body through your nose, mouth or a cut in your skin, you might get sick. 
  • Parasitic infections: When living and reproducing, parasites rely on the bodies of other creatures. Some single-celled creatures (protozoa) and worms (helminths) are considered to be parasites.
  • Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies: TSEs are brought on by prions, which are malfunctioning proteins that induce other proteins in your body, typically those in your brain, to malfunction as well. 

What are the Common Infectious Diseases?

Worldwide, infectious diseases are relatively prevalent, but some are more widespread than others. For instance 1 out of every 5 Americans contract the influenza virus each year, while less than 300 persons are found to have prion illnesses. Some of the most common infectious diseases are listed below:-

1. Common infectious diseases caused by viruses

  • Common cold
  • The flu
  • Covid-19
  • Stomach flu (Gastroenteritis)
  • Hepatitis
  • Respiratory syncytial virus

 2. Common infectious diseases caused by bacteria

  • Strep throat
  • Salmonella
  • Whooping cough
  • Tuberculosis
  • Urinary tract infectious (UTI)
  • Clostridioides difficile (C.diff)

3. Common infectious diseases caused by fungi

  • Ringworm
  • Vaginal candidiasis (vaginal yeast infection)
  • Thrush
  • Fungal nail infections

4. Common infectious diseases caused by Parasites

  • Giardiasis
  • Hookworms
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Pinworms

What Causes Infectious Diseases?

Several external substances that enter your body can cause infectious infections. These include:

  • Viruses
  • Bacteria
  • Fungi
  • Parasites
  • Prions 

How are Infectious Diseases Treated?

The infection’s cause will determine how it is treated. Sometimes, rather than prescribing medication, your doctor will advise you to keep an eye on your symptoms. 

  • Bacterial infections can be treated with Antibiotics. The appropriate antibiotic depends on the type of bacteria that caused the infection. 
  • Most viral infections can be treated with over-the-counter medications to manage your symptoms until you feel better. If you have the flu, your healthcare provider may prescribe oseltamivir phosphate in some cases. Antiretroviral therapy is a particular medication used to treat certain viral illnesses like HIV. 
  • Fungal infections can be treated with antifungal medications. You can apply them topically to the fungus where it is on your skin with clotrimazole or take them orally with fluconazole.
  • Antiparasitic medications such as metronidazole can be used to treat parasites.
  • There are no treatments for prion diseases. 

Can Infectious Diseases be Prevented?

There are several easy ways to lower your chance of contracting infectious diseases and some infections can even be completely avoided. There is usually no one method that is 100% successful at preventing sickness, even while each of these helps to lower your risk of contracting and spreading infectious diseases. 

1. Vaccines 

Vaccines lower your risk of contracting an infectious disease by training your immune system to identify and combat infections from dangerous pathogens. While people do still get sick with a disease after getting vaccinated for it, The majority of the time, your symptoms are not as bad as they would have been without the vaccination. 

A shot or series of injections is typically administered (or less frequently a nasal spray) vaccines are available for many common infectious diseases, including:

  • Chickenpox
  • Covid-19
  • Hepatitis A
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Influenza
  • Malaria
  • Polio 
  • Rabies
  • Tuberculosis

2. Safe food handling 

Healthy food-handling practices aid in the prevention of some infectious diseases. 

  • Wash your hands thoroughly with water and soap before and after during food preparation
  • Peeling or thoroughly washing all fruits and veggies
  • Before thawing, keep meats frozen at 0°F (-180°C)
  • Before consuming, meats should be cooked to a safe temperature
  • Wash food preparation utensils and surfaces with water and soap after use
  • Don’t eat undercooked or uncooked seafood
  • Dont drink unpasteurized milk
  • Dont eat untreated water

Other strategies for preventing infectious illness

You can lessen your chance of contracting or transmitting an infectious disease with a few regular behaviors in addition to vaccinations and appropriate food handling practices. 

  • Wash your hands with water and soap. Thorough hand-washing is particularly important before using the bathroom, preparing a meal or eating, after working with dirt or after coming into contact with feces, whether animal or human. 
  • Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze.
  • Keep your house and office clean by disinfecting commonly touched surfaces.
  • Use protection during any kind of intimacy.
  • Avoid drinking from or swimming in potentially contaminated water.
  • To diminish the risk of mosquito bites or ticks, Use tick and mosquito repellant, cover as much exposed skin as you can with clothing and check yourself for ticks after being in wooded or long grassy areas. 

Booking an appointment with Dr. Sheetu Singh for an infectious disease consultation is a cautious step toward addressing your health concerns. She is a well-known expert in viral illnesses and has a plethora of knowledge and skills in identifying and managing a variety of infectious diseases. To set up an appointment with Dr. Singh, all you need to do is get in touch with her clinic, and the accommodating staff will guide you in finding a time that suits your schedule.


A 34-year-old female was presented with progressive dyspnea for one month. This was accompanied by short breath which lasted for the same period of a month. She has a history of unknown poisoning, for which she was put on a ventilator, following which she had a tracheostomy in April 2023. Shortness of breath is one of the major symptoms of this condition, as the disease becomes progressively chronic, it lasts longer than one month.

Post-intubation tracheal stenosis is the narrowing of the trachea for which tracheostomy is considered when all scopes are ruled out, also considering every complication which can arise post-surgery. 

Symptoms for this condition included the following: –

  1. a) shortness of breath that worsens gradually
  2. b) stridor i.e., respiratory sounds which resembled wheezing.

This 34-year-old female was taken for dilation of their air tubes using techniques such as bronchoscopy because of the following reasons:

  1. a) CT scan of the neck and chest revealed the complexity of tracheal stricture. This reduced or narrowed the passage of air such as in the trachea.
  2. b) Major reason for considering such procedures was the presence of 2 strictures one over the other, revealed in flexible bronchoscopy. Such conditions call for procedures like these.

Diagnosis of tracheal stenosis: –

The team of doctors and experts carried out a special screening of the lady to find out the medical history of the patient as she informed, them she had a history of unknown poisoning. 

 The tests included the following diagnostic measures: 

 a) LFT

 b) CT scan

 c) Chest X-ray 

Plan of surgery: –

Dr. Sheetu and the team wanted to perform CTVS surgery which is supposedly an ideal treatment for such conditions, but the patient refused for it in cold. Cardiothoracic and Vascular surgeries are surgeries of the heart, lungs, chest, oesophagus, and major vessels of our body which are affected by certain conditions that lead to abnormal functioning causing difficulties.

Due to lack of consent, another was brought forth as a replacement for surgery which is an ideal replacement for invasive techniques.

The plan included the widening of the tracheal tube using stents that dilated the airway causing troubled breathing.

The team of experts that included pulmonologists, scanning experts, and anaesthesiologists were together performing the entire process to aid relief to the lady.

Dr. Sheetu who is a well-known pulmonologist and chest expert with expertise in procedures such as bronchoscopy, helped her patient to get rid of troubled breathing patterns. She is a renowned health expert in her field with hands-on experience in a lot of surgeries relieving patients with histories of respiratory ailments. With a proper and precise diagnosis, followed by a well-structured treatment plan, her patients are handled well with required and effective treatment plans.

What was done? 

For this condition of tracheal stenosis, i.e., narrowed tracheal tube affecting the normal flow of air, we went with a rigid bronchoscope to obtain a clear view of airways and lungs.

The procedure was performed in the presence of anaesthesiologists to relieve the patient from any sort of pain during the process, but safe enough to avoid complications.

This was followed by the removal of unwanted tissues using electrocauterization, which dilated the tracheal stricture. This was followed by the use of CRE balloons for dilating the airway endoscopically. The entire process is well-monitored through the tubes producing a clear view of the air passages.

The dilation procedure is then followed by a self-expansive metallic stent called an SEM stent. The placement of these stents requires control in endoscopic methodology and thus is to be performed by a specialist in the field of such surgeries.

The procedure performed with high precision and efficacy requires monitoring and rehabilitation but does not require them to be admitted to the ICUs.

The female patient was observed for a day and was sent home on the second day of the completion of the procedure. However, regular follow-ups are advised for observing the growth in improvement to such difficulty in breathing patterns.

Conclusion: –

With regards to such non-invasive techniques, it is a blessing to save lives and give extra breaths to the patients owing to their medical ailments that require our efforts for the betterment of their lives. 

Dr. Sheetu and the team of health experts brought her life back to normal by bringing the abnormal breathing conditions causing troubled respiratory patterns, back to normal. It is beyond our imaginations sometimes the ways we can find certain problems that appear a dead end. 


We examine the top 10 infectious diseases for 2023 in this post. Numerous various bacteria, ranging from a mild cold virus to pulmonary TB, can induce coughing and fever.

What is an infection?

An infection occurs when a microorganism- such as fungi, bacteria or virus enters a person’s body and causes harm. The immune system can frequently prevent these viruses from multiplying within the body. The microorganism relies on the host’s body to survive, procreate, and colonize. These infectious, quickly reproducing microscopic pathogens.

How can infections spread?

They can spread through a variety of channels, such as:-

  • Skin contact.
  • Transfer of body fluids
  • Contact with faces
  • Ingesting contaminated water or food
  • airborne particles or droplets being inhaled
  • Touching a surface that has been touched by a person who is infected with the disease.

So, here are 10 significant prevalent infections in 2023.

1- Bronchitis: An inflamed bronchi is known as bronchitis. This produces sputum and a cough. They are typically brought on by a virus and will heal on their own. It is an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) that is most frequently seen. When treating bronchitis, Dr. Sheetu Singh takes a thorough, patient-centered approach. She emphasizes on giving each bronchitis patient individualized care using her broad medical knowledge and sympathetic personality. Your immune system creates swelling and mucus buildup in your airways when they are stimulated.

2- Common colds and influenza: Colds and influenza (flu) are both contagious respiratory infections, although they are brought on by various viruses. Different viruses, such as rhinoviruses, parainfluenza, and seasonal coronaviruses, can cause the common cold, however, only influenza viruses can cause the flu. Colds are usually milder than flu. Compared to those who have the flu, cold sufferers are more likely to have a runny or congested nose. In most cases, significant health issues like bacterial infections, pneumonia, or hospitalization are not brought on by colds. Flu can have serious associated complications.

3- Conjunctivitis: Conjunctivitis, also referred to as “pink (or red) eye,” is an inflammation of the eye and eyelid lining. The eye whites seem pink and could be discharged with something sticky. There are three main kinds of causes for conjunctivitis:-

  • Infective conjunctivitis- infection caused by a virus or bacteria. This illness may spread quickly. 
  • Allergic conjunctivitis: An allergic response to something such as pollen or dust mites.
  • Irritant conjunctivitis- Objects that can irritate the conjunctiva come into touch with the eye, such as stray eyelashes or chlorinated water, or shampoo.

4- COVID-19: The SARS-cov-2 virus is the infectious agent that causes coronavirus illness. Most virus-infected people will develop a mild to severe respiratory illness, but they will recover without the need for special treatment. Serious illness is more likely to affect the elderly and those with underlying medical illnesses including cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or persistent respiratory issues. Early symptoms of COVID-19 may include a loss of smell or taste. Other symptoms may include:-

  • Muscle aches
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Sore  throat
  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Rash
  • Chest pain

5- Gastroenteritis: Gastroenteritis is a very common condition that causes vomiting and diarrhea. It is usually caused by a viral tummy bug or bacteria that can be related to food. It affects people of all ages but is simply common in young children. A virus known as rotavirus is responsible for the majority of illnesses in children. An intestinal infection known as viral gastroenteritis has symptoms such as watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, and occasionally fever. 

6- HIV/AIDS: The immune system of the body is attacked by the human immunodeficiency virus. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome may result from untreated HIV. There is currently no effective treatment available. When someone contracts HIV, they are permanently infected and can be controlled with proper medical care. HIV is caused by a virus. It may also spread from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. It can also spread through sexual contact, drug use or sharing of needles during illicit injections and contact with infected blood.

7- Malaria: Malaria is caused by plasmodium parasites. Humans are the only significant repository for four Plasmodium species—Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium Ovale, and Plasmodium Malariae—all of which cause disease in people. It can manifest in a variety of forms, from a minor chronic sickness to an acute illness that poses a serious threat to life. The majority of malaria deaths are caused by one or more major complications like breathing problems, cerebral malaria, anemia, organ failure or low blood sugar.

8- Pneumonia: Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of the lungs caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi. It is a dangerous infection when bacteria and other liquids fill the air sacs. It can be identified if there are typical symptoms linked with new chest X-ray shadowing. Signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include cough, fatigue, fever, sweating, nausea, vomiting chest pain or shortness of breath. There are two main types:-

  1. One or more lung chambers can become infected with lobar pneumonia.
  2. One or more lung chambers can become infected with lobar pneumonia.

9- Sore throat: Sore throat is usually caused by viruses like flu, cold or COVID-19. They may occasionally be brought on by bacteria. Most people recover without any kind of treatment. A sore throat can also be caused by:-

  • Pharyngitis
  • Laryngitis
  • Tonsillitis
  • Glandular fever

10- Tuberculosis (TB): Tuberculosis is a highly infectious bacterial disease that mostly affects the lungs. It can affect any part of the body including the nervous system, glands and bones. TB can spread when a person with sneezes, illness coughs or sings. This may release microscopic droplets containing the germs into the atmosphere. There are numerous symptoms associated with active TB, the majority of which are respiratory. Dr. Virendra Singh treats tuberculosis with a combination of expertise, compassion and innovation. Dr. Virendra Singh represents excellence in tuberculosis treatment via his commitment to improving tuberculosis care and his sympathetic approach. The symptoms include:

  1. Cough
  2. Fever
  3. Unexplained fatigue
  4. Blood in sputum
  5. Night sweats
  6. Chest pain
  7. Appetite loss
  8. Weight loss


As the name implies, a pulmonologist is a doctor who specialises in diagnosing and treating breathing problems. Asthma, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,  sleep apnea, and many other respiratory illnesses are all within their scope of practice. They also offer preventative services, such as help quitting smoking and getting necessary vaccines. Pulmonologists frequently collaborate with other medical professionals to give their patients the best possible care.

If you’ve been looking for the greatest chest doctor in the area, your quest can end now that you’ve found Dr Sheetu Singh.

What does Dr Sheetu Singh do?

  • Chest physicians perform a wide range of duties, including but not limited to the following: –
  • Conduct physical examinations, order diagnostic tests, and evaluate results.
  • Prescribe medications and other treatments.
  • Monitor and manage patients’ progress.
  • Inform patients and their families about their illness and available treatments.
  • Give vaccinations and screen for potential health problems.
  • Perform routine medical procedures.

Dr Sheetu Singh is the perfect solution if you’re looking for a top-notch chest specialist in Jaipur. 

Dr Sheetu Singh treats the following medical issues:

  • Because asthma causes inflammation of the airways and a narrowing of the airways, it makes breathing difficult. If you have asthma, see Dr Sheetu Singh, the top chest doctor in Jaipur.
  • COPD is a lung condition characterised by persistent inflammation that makes it difficult to breathe out completely. Dr Sheetu Singh is the top chest specialist doctor in Jaipur, and he can help you with your Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  • Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary condition in which thick mucus builds up in the lungs, making breathing difficult. Choose Dr Sheetu Singh if you need the best pulmonologist to treat Interstitial Lung Disease.
  • Emphysema is a chronic lung illness that causes the lungs’ alveoli (air sacs) to die. If you have Emphysema and have looked into finding the best chest specialist, Dr Sheetu Singh is your best option.
  • A group of lung diseases known together as interstitial lung disease are distinguished by injury to the lung’s interstitium and the space around the alveoli (the air sacs). Choose Dr Sheetu Singh if you need the best pulmonologist to treat Interstitial Lung Disease.
  • Lung cancer, which develops from aberrant cell development in the lungs (often in the cells lining the air passageways), is one form of the deadly disease. Dr Sheetu Singh is the greatest chest specialist in the area and can help you with your lung cancer.
  • When the upper airway collapses during sleep, a condition known as obstructive sleep apnea occurs. Dr. Sheetu Singh is the best doctor for chest treatment in Jaipur, therefore if you have obstructive sleep apnea, you should go visit him.
  • Pulmonary hypertension, characterised by increased pressure within the pulmonary arteries, can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, and other symptoms. If you’re suffering from pulmonary hypertension, Dr Sheetu Singh is your best option for care.
  • Tuberculosis is a contagious disease that predominantly affects the lungs but can manifest itself in other parts of the body as well. Constant coughing, chest pain, fever, night sweats, and decreased appetite are all symptoms. Dr Sheetu Singh, a top chest specialist, is available and ready to treat you for Tuberculosis.
  • Bronchiectasis, an abnormal widening of the airways that causes chronic lung disease, infection, and trouble breathing. Visit Dr Sheetu Singh, the top pulmonary specialist in Jaipur, for care for your Bronchiectasis.
  • Bronchitis, a condition characterised by a persistent cough brought on by the irritation, swelling, and mucus buildup of the trachea and bronchi (airways in the lungs). If you’re looking for the top Bronchitis and chest pain specialist in Jaipur, go no further than Dr Sheetu Singh.
  • Pneumonia, an illness that makes your lung air sacs swell and fill with pus. If you have pneumonia, see Dr Sheetu Singh, the top chest doctor in Jaipur. 

When should you see Dr Sheetu Singh?

Suppose you have any of the following symptoms, including chest pain or discomfort, difficulty breathing, a persistent cough, fever, a hoarse voice, a wheezing sound coming from your chest, an ongoing chest infection, chest tightness, chest congestion, or a persistent wheezing sound. In that case, you should see Dr Sheetu Singh.

Dr Sheetu Singh is the top choice in the area if you need a specialist for your chest.

 When you see Dr Sheetu Singh, what can you anticipate?

You’ll get: –

  • X-rays, CT scans, or pulmonary function tests.
  • A discussion of your symptoms.
  • A review of your medical history.
  • A prognosis and recommended course of therapy.
  • Recommendations for positive behavioural changes to enhance health.

If you need help with your lungs, why should you go to Dr Sheetu Singh?

Dr Sheetu Singh is a leading expert in diagnosing and treating lung illnesses. She guarantees the patient will receive thorough, sympathetic care. She is a pioneer in treating difficult diseases, and she handles some of the most serious and potentially fatal cases in the field of pulmonology.


More than 300 million people throughout the world suffer from asthma, thus the Global Initiative for Asthma established World Asthma Day to bring attention to the condition and encourage better asthma treatment in countries around the world.  People all across the world celebrate on the first Tuesday of May annually. Asthma Day was first celebrated globally on May 5, 1998. Many groups and individuals worldwide hold events and do acts of service in honor of this day. This page will provide comprehensive information about World Asthma Day 2024, including its origins, significance, and goals.

What Causes Asthma and How to Stop It

Breathlessness, chest tightness, wheezing, and chest tightness are all symptoms of asthma, a lung illness that produces recurring episodes. A persistent cough also worsens in the morning and at night. There is currently no known cure or explanation for the condition. There are, however, methods available for keeping the situation under control.


In certain circumstances, asthma is produced by a combination of genetic predisposition and inhalation of environmental chemicals that are not completely understood. Asthma can be triggered by various environmental and occupational factors, including but not limited to house dust, mites in beds, carpets, and stuffed furniture; pollen and moulds; pollution and pet dander;  tobacco smoke; chemical irritants in the workplace; etc.


As explained by Dr Sheetu Singh, clinical history and breathing tests are useful in diagnosing asthma. Spirometry, a test of lung function, is useful in the diagnosis of asthma. However, most people with asthma don’t know it, and many cases go undiagnosed.


Dr Sheetu Singh can help you manage your asthma symptoms, but unfortunately, there is no cure. Asthma can be controlled with inhalers and other medications now on the market. In addition, regular exercise and other forms of physical activity can help alleviate asthma symptoms.

The theme for World Asthma Day 2023

Since most cases of asthma and deaths from the disease occur in developing nations. In 2023, “Asthma Care for All” will be the focus of World Asthma Day, as chosen by GINA, the Global Initiative for Asthma.

In 2022, “Closing Gaps in Asthma Care” will be the topic of World Asthma Day.

“Enough Asthma Deaths” was the topic for World Asthma Day in 2020. 

This year’s World Asthma Day was centred on the slogan “STOP for Asthma.” This motif stands for assessing symptoms, administering tests, observing results, making assessments, and modifying treatment. Asthma checkup camps are organised worldwide by the Global Initiative for Health (GINA). The National Institutes of Health (NIH) also hosts medical clinics where asthmatics can get free exams and medication.

The History of World Asthma Day

Over 35 countries marked World Asthma Day in 1998, coinciding with the first World Asthma Meeting in Barcelona, Spain. Asthma Awareness Day has rapidly grown to become the largest such event globally. The program aims to provide information to help people with asthma and other allergic disorders better manage their symptoms.

How do people commemorate World Asthma Day?

Asthma Awareness Day 2018 will occur on May 3, designated as Asthma Awareness Month. NAEPP is a group effort to raise awareness and get people to take action on asthma. People with Asthma are urged to document their treatment goals, including drug and location preferences, in an Asthma Action Plan (AAP).

By bringing together physicians, patients, and everyone involved in caring for those with asthma, NAEPP has taken a major step towards regaining disease control.

About GINA on World Asthma Day

The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) plans and executes World Asthma Day annually. GINA selects a new topic for the event every year.

Asthma Day is a global event, and GINA is responsible for coordinating all of the production and delivery of event materials and resources worldwide and running the World Asthma Day Internet Headquarters.

Some Activities that are Performed

  • To kick off the finest asthma treatment possible, free checkup camps are organised.
  • New asthma clinics and pharmacies are set up in those places that need them.
  • Several national Asthma Societies have commemorated World Asthma Day.
  • Messages like “fighting asthma with every breath” are shown on television and in the press to raise public awareness.
  • Asthma disease, its symptoms, precautions, and prevention are the subject of classes offered at several schools.
  • Posters and banners raising awareness of asthma are widely disseminated.

If you have Asthma, you should see Dr Sheetu Singh. Dr Sheetu Singh is an internationally recognised interstitial lung disease and pulmonary intervention expert. She garnered valuable expertise as a student at SMS Medical College and a visiting fellow at the Cleveland Clinic in the United States. She has worked with patients with asthma, COPD, TB, and sleep apnea as an associate professor at SMS Medical College. She has published extensively on her research at both the national and international levels.


On June 21, the globe celebrates International Yoga Day to acknowledge the divine force of yoga that has been felt across humanity. Millions of individuals practice yoga every day as an effective form of exercise. Yoga is used by people to achieve a holy union of the mind, body, and soul. Over 5,000 years ago, yoga first appeared in India. As a result, it is a traditional kind of physical activity and meditation that was used to advance toward enlightenment. The theme of International Yoga Day 2023 is ‘yoga for humanity’. Yoga has provided the world with spiritual knowledge through meditation and many postures, in addition to being an important type of exercise to stay active every day. For thousands of years, yoga has been the most effective approach to uniting the mind, body, and spirit.

Finding inner peace and establishing a state of well-being has become more crucial than ever in today’s fast-paced world where stress and anxiety have become normal.  It is a holistic approach to wellness, offering physical, mental, and spiritual benefits. Dr. Sheetu Singh, a seasoned practitioner, and specialist of yoga, has dedicated her life to exploring and sharing the profound impact of this transformative practice. Dr. Sheetu Singh has in-depth knowledge of yoga and how she motivates people to start their life-changing adventures.

Dr. Sheetu Singh explains that millions of individuals suffer from the chronic respiratory disease Asthma, which makes it difficult to breathe and lowers the overall quality of life. While asthma management requires both medication and surgical treatments, alternative therapies like yoga have shown encouraging outcomes in reducing symptoms and enhancing lung function. She suggests that Yoga can be a beneficial tool for individuals living with Asthma.

  • Enhancing lung capacity:-

    Asthmatics can increase their lung capacity by practicing yoga, which contains particular breathing methods known as pranayama. Exercises that include deep breathing, such as diaphragmatic breathing, and alternate nostril breathing, build up the respiratory system’s capacity for oxygen absorption. People with asthma can enjoy an increase in lung capacity and better breathing control by regularly engaging in pranayama.

  • Relaxation and stress reduction:-

    Stress and anxiety can worsen asthma attacks and cause symptoms to get worse. Yoga offers people with asthma an effective method to treat their illness because of its emphasis on relaxation and stress reduction. Gentle yoga positions, along with focused breathing and mindfulness exercises, encourage relaxation and trigger the relaxation response in the body.

  • Improved breathing techniques:-

    People who have asthma frequently develop ineffective breathing patterns, which include shallow breaths and holding their breath. Yoga teaches effective breathing methods that can aid in breaking these patterns and encouraging better breathing practices. By practicing yoga, individuals learn to engage the lungs fully, allowing for deeper and more efficient breaths. This can lead to reduced breathlessness, better oxygenation, and improved overall lung function.

  • Strengthening respiratory muscles:-

    Yoga asanas that target the chest, shoulders, and back, in particular, can assist strengthen the respiratory muscles. Pose variations including Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose), Dhanurasana (Bow Pose), and Matsyasana (Fish Pose) lengthen and open the chest, increase lung capacity, and improve chest and rib cage flexibility. People with asthma may breathe better and have more control over their symptoms as their respiratory muscles get stronger and more flexible.

  • Enhanced mind-body awareness:-

    Yoga encourages a strong mental-physical bond that helps people become more aware of their physical and emotional states. People with Asthma can learn to pay more attention to their lungs signals and the early signs of Asthma attacks by engaging in mindfulness techniques.

International Yoga Day: Bringing the World of Yoga into our Lives

The ancient art of yoga originated in the culturally varied country of India. In recent years, yoga has grown in popularity in the West, with several Hollywood celebrities taking it up. Many people are unaware of yoga’s wonderful psychological benefits, even though it is well-established that yoga improves physical health and flexibility. Since 2015, International Yoga Day has been celebrated annually every 21st June, Many individuals practice yoga in large groups all around the world. The date was selected to fall on the Summer Solstice, which is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere on this day.

PM Modi has shared a few videos of himself performing yoga poses and discussing the advantages of those poses. Everyone has begun with the major preparations, including educational institutions like CBSE and NCERT as well as the formation of a Common Yoga Protocol. One of India’s holiest towns, Rishikesh, is also home to numerous yoga centers and ashrams that will undoubtedly make you fall in love with yoga. Rishikesh is sometimes referred to as the “Yoga Capital of India,” and nothing compares to the experience of practicing yoga there, in a calm, pollution-free environment. On International Yoga Day, thousands of people gather and participate in mass yoga practices.

Reasons to Practice Yoga Daily 

There are numerous reasons to practice yoga on this international yoga day and beyond as mentioned below:-

  • One of the first main reasons to practice yoga for wellness and health
  • To use it as a type of exercise to stay physically fit.
  • Yoga improves flexibility, and balance, and enhances strength.
  • It helps in relieving back pain.
  • Yoga helps with arthritic symptoms.
  • It is beneficial for heart health.
  • Yoga helps the body relax and enhances sleep.
  • It also improves mood and energy.
  • Yoga can be practiced to manage stress.
  • Yoga enables you to take care of yourself.
  • Numerous scientific advantages of yoga also exist.

Why is International Yoga Day Significant?

  • Yoga is inclusive since it can be practiced by people of all nationalities and religions.
  • Yoga gives you calmness and mental peace by relieving stress.
  • Regular yoga practice is beneficial to your health since it promotes weight loss and flexibility.

What are the Eight Limbs of Yoga?

  • Yama (restraint in our environment).
  • Niyama (inward and positive duties towards ourselves).
  • Asana (physical posture).
  • Pranayama (breathing restraint or expansion).
  • Pratyahara (conscious withdrawal of the senses).
  • Dharana (concentration).
  • Shyana (meditation).
  • Samadhi (integration into a whole, bliss, and enlightenment).


An ordinary method to examine the surface of your lungs and the region surrounding them (pleural space) is a thoracoscopy. Your healthcare provider uses a thoracoscope to see these areas and take samples of lymph nodes or lung tissue. They can see your esophagus, chest wall, diaphragm, and other areas as well. If you are in search of the best doctor for thoracoscopy treatment in India, then contact Dr. Sheetu Singh, she is the best doctor in India for thoracoscopy surgery. Thoracoscopy is a component of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), a minimally invasive procedure for the chest.

These thoracoscopy surgery expert doctors in India ensure optimal outcomes and provide comprehensive treatment options for patients with various thoracic conditions. They are experts in the area thanks to their expertise, diligence, and commitment, and patients looking for the best thoracoscopy surgical care respect and trust them. Thoracoscopy has a number of benefits over open surgery, such as less trauma, shorter hospital stays, and quicker recovery times.

About Thoracoscopy Surgery

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is the more popular term for surgical thoracoscopy. Medical thoracoscopy (MT) and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) are the two types of thoracoscopy that are utilized.

  • Medical Thoracoscopy (MT): With the help of local anesthetic and minor premedication, general surgeons and internists can both execute it. Right before the surgery, an ultrasound diagnosis is made of the patient’s pleural spaces. Radio. For thoracoscope introduction, radiographic imaging is performed to select the appropriate site. The insertion site was selected to avoid low-risk sites and any injury to the diaphragm and intra-abdominal organs. Dr. Sheetu Singh is an expert doctor for thoracoscopy surgery in India.
  • video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS): General anesthesia is typically used during the VATS operation. In open thoracic surgeries and single lung ventilation, it is crucial to have a skilled anesthesia team. The majority of surgeons favor lumen intubation, but single-lumen intubation is also used during VATS. Pleural effusion and parietal pleural biopsy both involve single-lumen intubation. VATS is also performed with local anesthesia and sedation.

Thoracoscopy Safety & Complication- Dr. Sheetu Singh

Thoracoscopy is generally a safe and effective procedure. The most significant complication, lung laceration, needs to be properly handled. Future goals for doctors should include mastering medical thoracoscopy, enhancing patient care following the surgery, and making an effort to lessen the likelihood of post-procedural problems. Numerous research has focused on the risks associated with talc Poudrage pleurodesis and diagnostic thoracoscopy while medical thoracoscopy is generally regarded as a safe technique. Dr. Sheetu Singh is a top doctor for thoracoscopy treatment in India.

Thoracoscopy is generally considered a safe procedure, but like any surgical intervention, it carries certain risks and potential complications. The risk of problems is nevertheless often rather minimal. Infection, hemorrhage, and harm to nearby tissues like blood arteries, nerves, or the lung itself are frequent side effects of thoracoscopy. The buildup of air in the chest cavity, or pneumothorax, can also happen during the surgery. Additionally, there is a risk of anesthesia-related complications. However, the risks are reduced because of the surgical team’s experience and the use of cutting-edge methods and tools.

Understanding Thoracoscopy Surgery Procedure 

The pleural lining of the lungs and the surface of the lungs can both be examined by surgeons through a minimally invasive procedure called thoracoscopy. Internal video and images obtained from this technique help doctors to identify signs of pleural mesothelioma such as pleural plaques, inflammation, and pleural thickening.

Sometimes a Thoracoscopy is done while the patient is under a general anesthetic. Typically, a thoracoscopy lasts for 45 minutes. It involves making a hole in your chest wall and then inserting a telescope into the hole. Your doctor will inject a local anesthetic into the area where they will make the hole. Dr. Sheetu Singh is a high-level expert doctor for thoracoscopy surgery in India. After your surgery, you’ll often need to stay in the hospital for 1 to 4 days. Chest tubes may prevent you from returning home until they are removed. Thoracotomies are significant surgical procedures that are normally only suggested in the most extreme circumstances.

Thoracoscopy Hospital In India- Dr. Sheetu Singh 

Rajasthan Hospital is one of the best Thoracoscopy hospitals in India. We provide unparalleled patient care and hospital experience in India for Thoracoscopy. To provide patients with high-quality care, we combine renowned specialists and cutting-edge technology under one roof. Excellent thoracoscopy services can be found at a number of famous hospitals in India. One notable Thoracoscopy hospital in India is the esteemed Rajasthan Hospital. The hospital boasts modern amenities, including cutting-edge surgical rooms with the most recent equipment. Dr. Sheetu Singh is an experienced doctor for Thoracoscopy treatment in India.


A surgical procedure called bronchoscopy allows patients to see into their airways. Surgeons can examine the trachea, main stem bronchi, and some of the smaller bronchi using advanced flexible fiber optic equipment. This treatment can be done on kids to get rid of inhaled foreign things. If your doctor utilizes a stiff scope, you will be pain-free and asleep. Your throat and mouth will be sprayed with a numbing liquid medication by your doctor. On occasion, the scope is used to pass tiny brushes, needles, or forceps through. Dr. Sheetu Singh is undoubtedly the best doctor for Bronchoscopy treatment in India.

Whether it’s for diagnostic purposes or therapeutic interventions, expert bronchoscopy doctors in India deliver excellent results and ensure the highest level of patient satisfaction. She has established herself as a renowned specialist in the field. She is the best option for anyone seeking Bronchoscopy treatment because of her commitment to providing excellent patient care, as well as her cutting-edge methods and cutting-edge tools.

Lymph node examinations, lung growths, and other alterations are typical indications for this test. Bronchoscopy can help your doctor diagnose many lung diseases, including infections from viruses, fungi, bacteria, or tuberculosis. In addition, it can aid in the diagnosis of lung cancer and other lung conditions as well as lung inflammation brought on by allergic reactions.

Top Bronchoscopy Specialist Doctors in India

Bronchoscopy helps in diagnosing lung-related disorders. It can be either rigid or flexible. This will make it easier to see the respiratory system’s internal organs. In bronchoscopy, there are three different imaging techniques. As follows: virtual bronchoscopy, endobronchial ultrasound bronchoscopy, and fluorescence bronchoscopy. In the event of virtual bronchoscopy, a CT scan will be performed to provide a more thorough image of the airways. To get a better image of the airways, endobronchial ultrasonography uses a bronchoscope linked to an ultrasound probe, and in fluorescence bronchoscopy, fluorescent light will be attached to the bronchoscope.

Numerous top medical professionals in India are experts in the field of bronchoscopy treatment. These exceptionally talented medical experts have built a reputation for their unwavering dedication to patient care and excellent skills. The top doctors for Bronchoscopy treatment in India prioritize patient well-being and employ state-of-the-art equipment to deliver optimal results. They stand out as respected experts in the field of bronchoscopy treatment due to their skill and sensitive approach.

Bronchoscopy Treatment Specialist Doctor in India- Dr. Sheetu Singh 

Bronchoscopy is a therapeutic and diagnostic treatment that assists doctors in treating and examining chest problems. The bronchoscope is a device with lights and a camera that is inserted through the nose or mouth into the patient’s airways and directed to the bronchi and bronchioles of the lungs. The use of a bronchoscope can help with:

  • Obtain the infected tissue samples.
  • Airway irregularities or obstructions should be found and observed.
  • Examine any locations of the airways that are bleeding, and take out any impeding foreign items.

If you are looking for a high-level experienced doctor for Bronchoscopy treatment in India, then contact Dr. Sheetu Singh, best-experienced doctor in India for Bronchoscopy. She is a highly skilled medical professional who specializes in performing bronchoscopy procedures. To see the airways and collect samples for analysis, these specialists use cutting-edge techniques and technology, assisting in the detection of probable abnormalities or diseases. Their thorough approach and focus on the little things guarantee precise diagnoses and successful treatment strategies. As a specialist in bronchoscopy treatment, Dr. Sheetu Singh places a high priority on patient safety and comfort throughout the process to give patients the best results possible.

High-Level Surgeon for Bronchoscopy- Bronchoscopy Emergency Surgery in India 

Bronchoscopy surgeons are known throughout the world for their skill and understanding in their areas of expertise. Dr. Sheetu Singh is an expert doctor for bronchoscopy treatment in India. She collaborates with a group of nurses and specialists to ensure the best bronchoscopy care for their patients and to deliver comprehensive and effective care. She is highly trained and qualified with degrees from the top national and international institutions. Depending on their diagnosis, she offers every patient the best clinical treatments, including medicinal and surgical intervention.

A High-Level Surgeon for Bronchoscopy is an exceptional medical professional with extensive experience and expertise in performing complex bronchoscopy procedures.

Best Hospital in India For Bronchoscopy 

If you are looking for the best hospital in India for bronchoscopy, then contact Dr. Sheetu Singh, best-experienced doctor in India for bronchoscopy. One of the best hospitals in India for bronchoscopy is the renowned Rajasthan Hospital. The state-of-the-art facilities and a team of highly skilled medical professionals, Rajasthan Hospital has established itself as a leader in providing top-notch healthcare services. The hospital is home to a group of skilled interventional bronchoscopists and pulmonologists who focus on executing bronchoscopic treatments precisely and expertly.


A method called endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) bronchoscopy is used to identify various lung conditions, such as infections or cancer. A flexible tube that enters your mouth and travels to your windpipe and lungs is the instrument used. A tiny video camera that captures photographs of your lungs and the surrounding area is at the end of the tube. The images can be used to identify and assess areas of your lung that require further examination and that were previously visible on X-rays or scans. If you are looking for an EBUS Bronchoscopy specialist doctor in India, then contact Dr. Sheetu Singh, she is an expert doctor for EBUS endobronchial ultrasound bronchoscopy treatment in India.

If you are searching for the best doctor for Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) Bronchoscopy treatment in India, look no further. Our nation is home to some of the best medical specialists in this cutting-edge therapy. Dr. Sheetu Singh is dedicated to delivering exceptional outcomes and ensuring your well-being throughout the entire process.

What Is An EBUS Biopsy?

EBUS biopsy, also known as Endobronchial Ultrasound-Guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration (EBUS-TBNA), is a minimally invasive diagnostic procedure used to obtain tissue samples from the lungs and surrounding lymph nodes. This ground-breaking technique combines bronchoscopy with ultrasound imaging, enabling medical professionals to observe and precisely target particular locations for sampling. The investigation of various lung disorders including infections or sarcoidosis as well as the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer are all made possible by EBUS biopsies. The patient normally feels very slight discomfort throughout the treatment, which is carried out under local anesthesia.

What Is An EBUS Procedure?

Squamous cell carcinomas, which typically start in the airways, and metastatic lung adenocarcinomas, which can spread from the outer edges of the lungs and invade the central lung, are two examples of tumors that may affect the central airways and can be detected using endobronchial ultrasound. The bronchoscopy EBUS procedure is a valuable tool in respiratory medicine, providing valuable insights and guiding treatment decisions while minimizing patient discomfort and recovery time. The two primary indications for EBUS are:-

  • Staging of lung cancer:- To ensure that the right treatment is given, lung cancer is staged to identify its severity. Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA), a procedure made possible by endobronchial ultrasonography, allows medical professionals to take tissue from the lung or mediastinal lymph nodes in the chest. To assist identify how early or advanced the cancer may be, the biopsied cells can then be sent to the lab for research.
  • Evaluation of abnormal lesions:- If a computed tomography (CT) scan or chest X-ray reveals an atypical lesion, EBUS with TBNA can be utilized to collect a sample of the afflicted tissues. This can assist in determining whether cancer or an inflammatory lung disease like sarcoidosis is to blame for swollen lymph nodes.

What Are The Risks Of EBUS?

Although EBUS bronchoscopy is relatively safe, there is a very tiny chance of problems, which might include bleeding from the biopsy, infection after the surgery, low oxygen levels during or after the treatment, and a very small risk of lung collapse. As with any medical procedure, these risks could also include bleeding from the biopsy. All of these issues are treatable, but they can require a brief hospital stay rather than sending you home the same day as your treatment. While Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) is generally considered a safe procedure, there are some potential risks associated with it. These risks include:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Pneumothorax
  • Allergic reactions
  • Discomfort to sore throat

What Is The Cost Of The EBUS System?

An endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) system’s cost might change depending on a number of elements, including the model, features, and additional accessories it comes with. The cost of a basic EBUS Bronchoscopy treatment in India typically ranges from $50,000 to $150,000. However, more sophisticated models with greater features and capabilities might cost a lot more, with costs ranging from $150,000 to $300,000 or even more.

It’s crucial to remember that the cost of the EBUS system is only a portion of the entire costs involved with putting the technology into use and implementing it. Additional expenses could be incurred for medical staff training, maintenance and service binding agreements, disposable supplies used during the operations, and any required hardware or software updates.

How Long Does It Take To Get EBUS Results?

An EBUS will give the doctor the ability to collect tissue samples for the purpose of validating a diagnosis and selecting the best course of treatment if required. Tissue sample preliminary results are typically available in 7 days, but occasionally more testing on the samples may be required, and this can take longer. The duration of the EBUS technique, the complexity of the case, and the workload of the laboratory are some of the variables that can affect how quickly findings are obtained. In general, it usually takes a few days to receive the preliminary results of an EBUS procedure.

Is EBUS A Surgery?

No, Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) is not a surgical procedure. EBUS is a minimally invasive diagnostic technique used to visualize and examine the airways and surrounding structures in the lungs. It entails the use of a bronchoscope, a small, flexible tube that is introduced through the mouth or nose and advanced into the airways.

How Much Does EBUS Biopsy Cost In India?

The average cost of an EBUS-TBNA operation is roughly 15,000 Indian rupees, while a EUS-FNA procedure is about 16,000 Indian rupees. Thus, in the chosen scenarios, CUSb-NA results in cost savings for the patient of almost 50%.


A chest infection affects your lungs, either in the larger airways (bronchitis) or in the smaller air sacs (pneumonia). You have difficulty breathing because of the swelling of the airways and the accumulation of pus and fluid (mucus). Chest infection can affect people of all ages. Elderly and young children are more at risk, as well as people who are ill and smokers. Since viruses often cause most chest infections, your body’s immune system will likely fight the illness. To help with healing, however, antibiotics are occasionally required. If you are looking for the best doctor for chest infection treatment in India, then contact Dr. Sheetu Singh a specialist doctor in India for chest infection treatment.

Are you experiencing chest pain and in need of a chest specialist doctor in India for chest pain treatment? Look no further, India is home to highly skilled and experienced doctors who specialize in chest pain treatment. Chest infections are more common in spring and winter. It may hit immediately or develop gradually over a few days. Most bronchitis sufferers can be successfully treated at home and fully recovers. Pneumonia severity evaluation is difficult to do. Simple antibiotics can be used to manage some patients at home.

Expert Chest Specialist Doctor for Treatment in India

You can trust a chest specialist doctor in India to provide you with exceptional medical care and guidance for your chest health. A large number of highly qualified and experienced medical specialists with a focus on chest-related illnesses may be found in India. A pulmonologist is a chest specialist who specializes in evaluating, diagnosing, and treating diseases and conditions related to the lungs. A chest physician is highly trained and experienced in treating conditions related to the lungs. Dr. Sheetu Singh is a well-renowned specialist doctor for chest infection treatment in India.

Are you in search of an Indian chest specialist doctor for treatment? Look no further. Indian chest specialist doctors are renowned for their expertise and proficiency in diagnosing and treating various chest-related conditions. Dr. Sheetu Singh is considered one of the best chest doctor in Jaipur, India. A wide range of diseases and medical conditions that are treated by chest specialists include Asthma, pneumonia, influenza, tuberculosis, bronchitis, lung cancer, and many others. Book an online appointment and consult with the best pulmonologist.

Top-Notch Chest Infection Symptoms and Causes

Chest infections are common, especially after flu or cold during winter and autumn. While most are minor and resolve on their own, some can be significant or even dangerous. The main symptoms of chest infection can include:

  • Wheezing
  • A persistent cough
  • A high temperature (fever)
  • A rapid heartbeat
  • Tightness or chest pain
  • Coughing up yellow or green phlegm, or coughing up blood
  • Breathlessness or shallow and rapid breathing
  • Feeling disoriented and confused

You may also experience more general symptoms of an infection, such as fatigue, headache, loss of appetite, sweating, or muscle and joint pain. Dr. Sheetu Singh is an expert doctor for chest infection treatment in India.

The main types of chest infections are pneumonia and bronchitis. Most cases of bronchitis are brought on by viruses, whereas most cases of pneumonia are brought on by bacteria. These infections are usually spread when an infected person sneezes, or coughs. Serious chest infections are more common in certain populations of persons, including:

  • Children with developmental problems
  • Babies and very young children
  • Pregnant women
  • Elderly people
  • People who are very overweight

People who smoke. People with long-term health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, Asthma, kidney disease, cystic fibrosis, or chronic pulmonary disease (COPD).

Right & Left Side Chest Infection Treatment Doctor, India

Since the lungs contain few pain receptors, pain there typically originates from another part of the body. Costochondritis and pneumothorax are two potential reasons why breathing in causes left-side chest or lung pain. If you are experiencing right-side chest pain and seeking effective treatment, it is important to consult with a medical professional. Right-side chest pain can be caused by various factors, including musculoskeletal issues, digestive problems, or even underlying cardiac conditions. Dr. Sheetu Singh is a top doctor for chest infection treatment in India.

If you are experiencing left-side chest pain, seeking timely and appropriate treatment is essential. Heart difficulties, musculoskeletal disorders, digestive troubles, or even anxiety-related concerns can all result in left-side chest pain.

Male, Female, And Baby Chest Infection Treatment Doctor In India- Dr. Sheetu Singh

Chest infections can affect individuals of all ages, including males, females, and even babies. These infections can range in severity from minor respiratory ailments to more serious disorders that demand emergency medical care. Chest infections can manifest as coughing, chest congestion, breathing difficulties, fever, and exhaustion in adults, children, and infants. Chest infections can have a variety of causes, such as bacterial or viral infections, allergies, or underlying respiratory problems. Dr. Sheetu Singh is the no.1 doctor for chest infection treatment in India.

Dr. Sheetu Singh may prescribe antibiotics, and antiviral medications, or recommend supportive care measures such as rest, hydration, and over-the-counter remedies to alleviate symptoms.

Which Doctor to Consult For Chest Infection

Primary care physicians and medical professionals with expertise in internal medicine can treat the majority of respiratory diseases and illnesses. Consulting for a chest infection is a prudent step in ensuring prompt and effective medical care. It’s critical to get professional guidance from a healthcare specialist if you’re suffering symptoms like a persistent cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, or fever. Dr. Sheetu Singh is an experienced doctor for chest infection treatment in India. Typically, a consultation for a chest infection entails a thorough assessment of the patient’s medical history, a physical exam, and sometimes additional diagnostic procedures such as chest X-rays or lab tests.


Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that may be caused by viruses, fungi, or bacteria. Lung air sacs (alveoli) get infected and swell with fluid or pus as a result of the infection. The oxygen you breathe in may have a difficult time entering your system as a result. Despite the fact that most lung infections are curable and the majority of patients recover, severe infections can be quite hazardous.

This is especially true for newborns, seniors, and those who have lung illnesses or compromised immune systems. Are you looking for a lung treatment specialist doctor India? It’s important to find a qualified professional who specializes in treating lung conditions. Dr. Sheetu Singh is considered one of the best doctor for lung infection treatment in India.

When bacteria from your lungs enter your bloodstream, they can infect other organs and perhaps lead to organ failure. The signs and symptoms of a lung infection may include fever, sweating, cough which produces yellow, greenish, or even bloody mucus, shortness of breath, shallow and rapid breathing, low energy, loss of appetite, fatigue, and chest pain. If you are in search of the best lung specialist in India for treatment then contact Dr. Sheetu Singh an interstitial lung disease treatment doctor in India. 

Top-Rated Lung Specialist In India For ILD Infection Treatment 

There are several conditions that cause lung inflammation and scarring collectively referred to as interstitial lung disease (ILD). ILD symptoms include a dry cough and shortness of breath. Medication, radiation therapy, connective tissue disorders, or breathing toxic substances can all contribute to ILD. lung damage caused by ILD is often irreversible. If you are looking for an expert doctor for lung infection treatment in India, then contact Dr. Sheetu Singh, a lung specialist in India for ILD damage treatment. If you have interstitial lung disease, parts of your lungs that aid in oxygen delivery to your blood and tissues are destroyed. Breathing becomes difficult due to lung scarring, and you may develop a persistent cough. You may experience constant fatigue due to a lack of oxygen.

Are you in search of a lung allergy treatment doctor India? Look no further. There is a wide range of highly skilled medical practitioners in India who focus on treating pulmonary allergies. By reducing inflammation and slowing down the progression of ILD, we hope to enhance your quality of life overall. Treatment options include depending on the unique origin and development of your conditions

  • Medication
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Surgery
  • Palliative supportive care

Best Treatment for ILD in India- Dr. Sheetu Singh 

India offers exceptional ILD (Interstitial Lung Disease) treatment options for patients seeking advanced medical care, there is a  wide range of specialized hospitals and expert physicians. The country has established itself as a prominent destination for ILD treatment. If you are seeking the best treatment for ILD in India, then contact Dr. Sheetu Singh an experienced doctor for lung infection treatment in India. Modern facilities and cutting-edge technology are part of India’s healthcare system, which guarantees accurate ILD diagnosis and management. To provide comprehensive care, a multidisciplinary strategy is utilized, comprising pulmonologists, rheumatologists, radiologists, and pathologists.

When a corticosteroid is used as the first line of treatment for persons with interstitial lung disease, occasionally in conjunction with drugs that suppress the immune system. This combination may slow or even stabilize the course of interstitial lung disease, depending on its underlying cause.

Interstitial lung disease causes lung scarring that cannot be reversed, and treatment may not always be able to halt the illness’s eventual progression. Some treatments may slow the disease’s progress, and improve symptoms temporarily. Dr. Sheetu Singh may recommend: Corticosteroid medications, medications that slow the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and medications that reduce stomach acid.

 Best Doctor for Interstitial Lung Disease in India 

If you are looking for the best ILD lung disease infection treatment doctor in India, then you are at the right place! Dr. Sheetu Singh is widely recognized as the no.1 doctor for lung infection treatment in India. She has gained a stellar reputation in the field. Dr. Singh’s commitment to providing the highest quality of care and her patient-centric approach have made her stand out among her peers. She holds the prestigious title of being India’s top doctor for treating lung infections thanks to her continuous dedication to her patients’ health.

Interstitial lung disease can affect anyone, even young children. Numerous factors, like genetics, specific drugs, or medical procedures like radiation or chemotherapy, can either raise the risk of or directly cause ILDs. Risky substance exposure has been connected to ILDs such as asbestosis and hypersensitivity pneumonitis.

Best Hospital for ILD Treatment in India 

Connecting with the best interstitial lung disease hospitals in India is simple, and they can offer compassionate assistance for your pulmonologist issues as well as cutting-edge therapy. Rajasthan Hospital is the best hospital in India for ILD disease treatment. The hospital prides itself on its interdisciplinary approach, with a group of pulmonologists, rheumatologists, radiologists, and other specialists cooperating to accurately diagnose and treat ILD. Rajasthan Hospital offers personalized treatment plans tailored to each patient’s unique needs.

To identify the type of ILD, the patient undergoes a thorough evaluation at the ILD clinic.  To determine the kind of ILD and the severity of ILS, patients will have access to the full range of investigations. “Cryo biopsy” is one of the less invasive methods that can be used to get a lung biopsy and is made available to the patient.


A persistent cough causes more than just irritation. You may feel exhausted if your persistent cough keeps you up at night. A severe chronic cough may result in vomiting, dizziness, and even broken ribs. Smoking, postnasal drip, asthma, and acid reflux are the most common causes of a chronic cough, though it can occasionally be difficult to pinpoint the exact cause. Fortunately, if the underlying issue is resolved, the chronic cough usually goes away. If you are looking for a cold & dry cough specialist doctor in India for treatment, then concern Dr. Sheetu Singh is the best doctor for cough treatment in India. Trust the expertise of a cough treatment specialist doctor India to guide you toward optimal wellness.

Medication used to treat cough may include:-

  • Corticosteroids, Antihistamines, and Decongestants: These drugs are standard treatments for postnasal drip and allergies.
  • Inhaled Asthma drugs: When it comes to reducing inflammation and widening your airways, corticosteroids, and bronchodilators are the most efficient therapies for cough associated with asthma.
  • Acid blockers: Acid-blocking drugs may be used to treat acid reflux if lifestyle modifications are ineffective. In some instances, surgery is necessary to resolve the problem.
  • Antibiotics: Dr. Sheetu Singh can suggest medications to treat the illness if a bacterial, fungal, or mycobacterial infection is the source of your persistent cough.

Cure for Allergic Cough Treatment Doctor in India

If you are seeing a cough allergy specialist doctor in India for treatment, then contact Dr. Sheetu Singh an expert doctor for allergy cough treatment in India. She possesses a deep understanding of allergies and their impact on respiratory health. From prescribing allergy medications to recommending lifestyle changes and preventive measures, an allergic cough treatment doctor in India is dedicated to providing comprehensive care. Allergic cough treatment focuses on addressing the underlying causes of coughing that are triggered by allergies. An allergic person’s immune system may react by releasing substances that irritate the airways when they come into contact with allergens such as dust mites, pollen, pet dander, or specific foods.

When it comes to finding the best treatment for dry and cold cough,  various approaches can provide relief. Antihistamines, nasal decongestants, and other allergy medications can help lessen the swelling and mucus production that might cause a cough. Using inhaling steam or humidifier from a shower: Humidifiers can ease throat irritation and assist remove congestion. Home remedies for an allergy cough include:-

  • Taking over-the-counter medications: Antihistamines, nasal decongestants, and other allergy medications can help lessen the swelling and mucus production that might cause a cough.
  • Using a humidifier or inhaling steam from a shower: Humidifiers can help clear soothe throat irritation and congestion.
  • Using an air purifier: The number of allergens and irritants in the air inside a person’s home or workplace can be decreased with the aid of a high-quality air purifier.

Top Dust Allergy Cough Treatment Doctor, India 

Are you fighting a spell or sneezing and coughing? It could probably be due to a dust allergy. Dust is the constant enemy and one of the main causes of nasal congestion, whether it is summer or winter. Dust mites, which reach their height during this warm season by dispersing their spores, are the causes of dust allergy in the summer. If you are in search of the best doctor in India for dust allergy cough treatment you are in luck, Dr. Sheetu Singh is a top doctor for cough treatment in India. Pollen becomes one of the causes of breathing difficulties in the fall or monsoon because it is disseminated by the winds. In the moisture of winter, mold and mildew thrive, establishing nasal allergies.

The presence of certain fungi, bacteria, or viruses in the environment might trigger an allergic reaction in some people called dust allergy. These invisible microbes called dust mites can spread by air, water, or even by touch from contact surfaces. They trigger an undesirable and immediate reaction from the body like coughing, sneezing, itching, and stuffy, or running nose. One of the main causes of nasal congestion in older individuals and youngsters is dust allergies.

Which Doctor to Consult For Cough and Throat Infection 

Cough and throat infections usually coexist since they are linked regularly. Strep throat and viral pharyngitis are two examples of throat infections that can irritate and inflame the throat, resulting in a chronic cough. A sore throat can be a symptom of a common cold, strep throat, allergies, or other upper respiratory tract illnesses. The symptoms of a sore throat brought on by a virus or the bacteria group A Streptococcus can be similar. If you are looking for the best doctor for cough treatment in India, Dr. Sheetu Singh is the no.1 doctor for cough treatment in India.

Viruses frequently cause throat infections. One of the viruses that cause the common cold, including the respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, influenza virus, or rhinovirus, is usually at fault. Sometimes the following symptoms suggest a virus is causing the illness instead of strep throat:-

  • Runny nose
  • Cough
  • Conjunctivitis (pink eye)
  • Hoarseness (changes in your voice that make it sound raspy, breathy, or strained)
  • Fever
  • The roof of the mouth has a few tiny red dots.

Dr. Sheetu Singh- Cough Curing Expert Hospital in India 

Cough curing involves various approaches aimed at relieving and treating cough symptoms. The treatment depends on the underlying cause of the cough, which can be classified as either acute or chronic. Rest, keeping hydrated, and over-the-counter cough suppressants may help with acute coughs brought on by colds or respiratory infections. Dr. Sheetu Singh is an experienced doctor for cough treatment in India.

Dr. Sheetu Singh, a nationally renowned pulmonologist, Director ILD & Pulmonary Rehab Clinic, is an expert in chest-related conditions. She got her training from SMS Medical College, Jaipur followed by a visit to Cleveland Clinic, USA.

Contact Info

Address: Mahavir Jaipuriya Rajasthan Hospital Milap Nagar, JLN Marg, Jaipur

Mobile: (+91)-8696666380


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