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08/Dec/2022

Industrialization has led to many developmental changes around us, but it has induced major environmental changes in our surroundings too. Such massive change in Earth’s environment has triggered many diseases. Impact of climate change on asthma patients one such class of diseases is a respiratory disease. The rapid increase in pollution in the last century has tremendously escalated lung disorders. Lungs are the site of exchange of gases, wherein fresh oxygen from the environment is delivered into the body and carbon dioxide is collected and exhaled out of the body. Due to an increase in the pollutants in the surroundings, not only oxygen but other poisonous gases and chemicals, when gain entry into the respiratory tract, can cause disease.

Impact of Climate Change on Asthma patients and Respiratory Disease

The relationship between environmental factors and asthma isn’t new. Various anthropogenic factors have contributed to a manifold increase in the cases of Asthma over the last few decades. An increase in air pollutants and allergens in the atmosphere is contemporaneously leading to asthma prevalence lately. Several factors might contribute to asthma exacerbations, that include pollen allergies, global warming, increased vehicle emissions, and air pollution. Climate change can increase many types of breathing problems.

Effect of altered climate on increased pollen period:

The release of pollen grains into the air is a necessary event for wind-pollinated flowers, and seasonal allergies were considered moderately regulated. But global warming has increased carbon dioxide levels significantly which in turn has also risen Earth’s average temperature. This change has disrupted the occurrence and duration of pollen season. In response to high temperature and high CO2 levels, plants photosynthesize more and produce more pollens. These pollens remain in the air for quite some time. Pollen when gaining entry into the respiratory tract of humans, act as allergens. Some people are more sensitive than others, and thus start producing allergic symptoms. Prolonged pollen allergy and hypersensitivity can also induce diseases like asthma due to airway inflammation.

Dust and asthma: 

Asthma once occurs, has a variety of triggers, dust being one of them. Dust particles can cause inflammation in the airway. This is accompanied by excessive secretion of mucus which then creates difficulty in breathing. Smaller dust particles can irritate the lungs and can worsen breathing difficulties. Also, dust can’t just be an asthma trigger, it can cause asthma in young children too. Prolonged exposure to smaller dust particles can cause this disease in children at a very tender age. This asthma causing and trigger factor can simply be avoided by taking precautions if taken care of.

Air pollution and asthma: 

Particulate matter also goes by the name “particle pollution” is a mixture of extremely small particles with tiny droplets, which include chemicals, dust or soil particles, acids, etc. The particulate matter might vary in size, the smallest particles can reach up to the alveoli, directly affecting the exchange of gases inside the lungs. This environmental factor has the utmost impact on respiratory health. These substances aggravate respiratory issues, such as asthma, by blocking the airways of the respiratory tract due to increased debris and mucus. These substances are increased in the environment due to natural or anthropogenic causes. Urbanization and industrialization affect the concentration of such substances in the surroundings.

How asthmatic people take precautions

As the environmental conditions are constantly deteriorating, it is mandatory to know the triggers of your asthma conditions and impact of climate change on asthma patients. There is no precise test for the diagnosis of asthma. It is symptomatically diagnosed and is treated based on the symptoms stated. A complete cure for asthma is however not available. Prevention is the best help for asthma patients. Also, the above-mentioned causes and trigger points can be checked. Short-term relief can be provided with the help of inhalers and nebulizers. Keeping an Asthma action plan handy is a must too. If your asthma symptoms uncontrolable and trigger often in most of the day then visit top pulmonologist in Jaipur Dr. Sheetu Singh.


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08/Dec/2022

Haemophilus influenza: characteristics, culture, pathogenesis, treatment

Haemophilus influenza is a Gram-negative, Plumorphic coccobacillus, which causes a variety of infections and some serious infections, including meningitis, septicemia, pneumonia, epiglottis, conjunctivitis, cellulitis, or arthritis. The Types and Evaluation of Influenza species represents the main pathogen of this genus. Children and the elderly are the most susceptible to serious infections caused by these microorganisms. The former suffered mostly from meningitis and later from pneumonia.

Some strains are Haemophilus influenza they are bound and others are not. Capsules are typeable according to the type of carbohydrate in the capsule. The types described by A, B, C, D, E, and F are known as different types.

Types and Evaluation of Influenza

At the laboratory level, these can be isolated with polysaccharides using antisera aggregating antibodies.

Capsulated strains are pathogenic. Type B These are the most invasive and frequently isolated in the infectious process. Non-capsulated is considered habitual microbiota and although they may be contagious, they are not usually invasive and do not represent a greater risk.

They are difficult to distinguish at the laboratory level, as they require highly enriched media for optimal development, such as chocolate agar or lethal agar.

This is why these microorganisms fall into the group of bacteria that claim to be from a nutritional point of view, although some authors prefer to call them annoying microorganisms.

Disease (pathogenesis)

These are transmitted by microbial secretions, mainly respiratory problems (saliva and mucus) excreted by sick people or carriers of bacteria.

If the patient sneezes or coughs, the bacteria are excreted in the excreta. Bacteria are spread in the environment and are inhaled by sensitive individuals.

Haemophilus influenza is a pyogenic microorganism that causes it to produce purulent secretions.

Its main pathologies are meningitis, septicemia, pneumonia, epiglottitis, conjunctivitis, and otitis, among others. Here are given different types of disease –

SepticemiaWhen bacteria enter the bloodstream it is called bacteremia and is an important step in the spread of microorganisms to other organs or tissues. When the number of microorganisms in the blood multiplies, it is called septicemia, a condition that compromises the patient’s general condition.

  1. Meningitis

Meningitis is a serious disease that causes neck, headaches, nausea, or changes in behavior and some cases leads to death. This infection is common in children.

  1. Pneumonia

It is presented as a serious complication of a previous respiratory tract infection such as bronchitis or acute fibrillar tracheobronchitis. It presents with a high fever, dyspnea, or productive cough with cauliflower chin. It can coexist with bacteremia. This involvement is more common in older adults.

  1. Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis presents redness, burning, swelling of the eyelids, presence of purulent discharge, or sensitivity to light (photophobia).

Diagnosis

Culture is the best way to diagnose. Samples will depend on the infectious process.

If meningoencephalitis is suspected, a sample of cerebrospinal fluid should be taken by a lumbar puncture for cytochemical study and culture. In case of septicemia, blood samples will be taken to perform multiple blood cultures.

If the process is conjunctivitis, the secretion of this mucus will be taken. In the case of pneumonia, a specimen of sputum or bronchial lavage is cultured.

Detection can also be done using manual biochemical tests or by automated systems such as VTech2.

Treatment

Types and Evaluation of Influenza Haemophilus  It can be treated with beta-lactam like ampicillin, ampicillin/sulbactam, amoxicillin / clavulanic acid, piperacillin/tazobactam. Third-generation cephalosporins, such as ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, and cefoperazone, are often used in severe infections.

It is important to note that ampicillin is no longer used because most isolated strains are currently resistant to this antibiotic, due to the production of beta-lactamase.

Macrolides and quinolones can be used.

However, the most advisable issue is to administer and treat antibiotics according to the sensitivity of the report.

Resistance

Type Haemophilus influenza E B after the introduction of the vaccine against it, this microbial cause has significantly reduced the incidence of meningitis.

Currently, capsular antigen type B (polydipsia-ribitol-phosphate) H. Influenza is included in the pentavalent vaccine which also fights against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, and hepatitis B.

The vaccine is given in 3 or 4 doses. The 4-dose schedule is as follows:

The first dose is started at 2 months of age. Two more doses are then given every two months (at ages 4 and 6 months). Finally, the fourth dose is placed 6 or 9 months after the third. The last dose represents a boost.


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08/Dec/2022

There has been an increase in asthma patients in recent times. Asthma is a disease of the respiratory tract of the lungs, in which it is difficult to breathe. There are many causes for shortness of breath. Breathlessness can also occur due to lack of blood in the body, heart disease, kidney failure, or excess body fat (obesity). However, it’s not asthma. Inflammation of the airways inside the lungs reduces their diameter. Increased secretion causes the vessels to constrict. Now we discuss How Asthma is Treated, it is difficult to breathe at such times. Overall this is a lung disease.

How Asthma is Treated, Asthma symptoms, causes, and diagnosis

Inflammation of the respiratory tract and internal secretions interfere with the functioning of the lungs. It makes you breathless. In times like these it is more difficult to do what we used to do. In the past, climbing a floor in a house was not easy; But then, even if he climbs one floor, he gets breathless. It can be an asthma attack. In addition, dust from flying while doing housework makes breathing difficult. This dust contains many allergenic ingredients. Chief among them is ‘House Dust Mite. Many people suffer from allergies and asthma due to dust. 

Frequent colds and coughs.

Flatulence is also a symptom. Often no such signs are found; There is only coughing. At such times there is only a cough, so ignore it. However, this cough may be due to asthma. Symptoms such as regular coughing, hoarseness, and chest tightness are more common in asthma.

Causes of asthma

There are many causes of asthma. Heredity is a major cause of asthma. If someone in the house has asthma, other members are more likely to have asthma. Allergies are a major cause of asthma. If one becomes allergic to something and comes into contact with that thing repeatedly or consumes things that are allergic, then certain, components in the blood increase. It contains an element called eosinophils, which causes swelling in the airways. Asthma and asthma are closely related. Winter or cold weather, dusty and polluted environments are also conducive to asthma.

How is asthma diagnosed?

Environmental pollution also causes asthma. In addition, bronchitis, prolonged coughing can cause shortness of breath. Smoking causes asthma. In addition, regular viral infections (swine flu and now covid-19) are causing asthma. Asthma is more likely to be caused by a person who is constantly working in the smoke, painting business or spray paint, mining, construction. However, its long-term effects are reflected in how long it lasts, how much it affects the lungs, and how strong the immune system is.

Some tests are needed to diagnose asthma. If you experience frequent colds, sneezing, hoarseness, or cold-cough when the weather changes, you need to see a doctor immediately. Doctors diagnose asthma through a medical examination. At this time, he asks if anyone in the family has asthma. Your breathing capacity is checked by a device called a ‘peak-flow’ meter. Therefore, a preliminary diagnosis of asthma can be made.

Lung function test (spirometry): A lung function test is a lung function test to diagnose asthma. This is called ‘spirometry’. Other tests include blood tests, X-rays, oxygen levels, and other ailments to check for shortness of breath. Asthma can be diagnosed by removing the echo if it causes a heart attack.

Best Doctor in Jaipur for Asthma Treatment

Asthma is treated based on patient history. Different patients have different types of allergies. Doctors for Asthma treatment are easily available in Rajasthan. But When we talk about Best Doctor for Asthma Treatment in Jaipur then only Dr.Sheetu Singh’s name will come into our mind. She is an expert in her field. She treats Asthma very well.


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08/Dec/2022

Asthma Specialist in Jaipur: In this article we are talking about the risk factor in Asthma Disease. Have you ever think, what puts a person at risk for developing asthma??? Any idea!!!! No, ok just have a look of this article. In below section we are describing some common risk factors that are normally responsible for developing asthma. Get best treatment form the top Asthma Specialist in Jaipur.

Asthma Specialist in Jaipur

Family history

If your parent or grandparent is suffer with asthma disease then the chances is automatically increases to four to seven times in you more than a person who doesn’t have any family history of asthma.

Viral respiratory infections

In most of the cases, person during its childhood or babyhood had any respiratory problems that causes breathe roughly in night or any child experienced viral lungs or respiratory infections then the chances is increases to develop chronic asthma.

Allergies

If any person is have any type of allergy then it may be possible that it is the main reason of asthma. Don’t take allergy in an easy, immediate consult with your doctor.

Occupational exposures

In your workplace, if you come in contact with certain substances or elements such as dusts (wood or industrial dust), chemical vapors, gases or fumes can cause the asthma symptoms.

Smoking

If you are smokers, then here we tell you smoking causes high risk of asthma. If a woman smokes during the time of pregnancy then the chances is automatically increases that her child will suffer from asthma in future.

Air Pollution

Air pollution is also increases in the risk of asthma. People who grew up in highly polluted area or in urban areas have raises the risk of asthma.

Obesity

Overweight means invitation of other diseases and asthma is one of those diseases. Due to obesity, person suffer with worse symptoms and use more medications and unable to control their asthma that a person who is fit and come in the healthy weight range. Dr. Sheetu Singh is Best Asthma Specialist in Jaipur. For any query or appointment purpose visit: www.drsheetusingh.com/


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