Types of Breathing Problems, Causes and Symptoms


It’s normal to be out of breath after intense physical activity. But, when you face this problem even after simple exercise, then you might need a doctor’s consultation. But you can also do a self-check of your breathing. In this article, we will tell you about the different types of breathing problems and what are the causes and symptoms of breathing problems. Types of Breathing Problems, Causes and Symptoms – Dr. Sheetu Singh

  • Hyperpnoea

In Hyperpnoea, you take your breathing deeper, And sometimes faster (i.e. during exercise). This cause does not need medical attention until and unless it’s caused without any physical activity. Hyperpnoea is the response from your body to the brain to adjust your breathing.

  • Dyspnea

Dyspnea is also known as Shortness of Breath. In this situation, when you can’t get enough air to breathe or you experience tightness in your chest. Tough exercise, high temperature, and obesity are the primary cause of Dyspnea.

And sometimes, Dyspnea starts because of low blood pressure, heart attack, carbon monoxide poisoning, or asthma attack.

  • Bradypnea

In this condition, when you breathe at a slow rate compared to your normal breathing speed. Bradypnea can cause:-

  1. Dizziness
  2. Tiredness
  3. Lightheadedness
  • Kussmaul Breathing

The situation is when the body produces too much acid. Some of the Kussmaul Breathing are:

  1. Organ Failure
  2. Overuse of Alcohol
  3. Sepsis

Cause and Symptoms of Breathing Problems

There is several cause of breathing problems :-

  • Health-Related

  1. Anemia
  2. Asthma
  3. Lung cancer
  4. Pneumonia
  5. Croup
  6. COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease),
  7. COVID-19
  8. And any other heart and lung diseases.
  9. Bronchitis
  • Medical emergencies

  1. Drowning
  2. Heart attack
  3. Injury to neck, lungs
  4. Any type of allergy reaction
  5. Blood clotting in lungs
  • Symptoms

Now talk about the symptoms of the Breathing problems

  1. Suddenly trouble with breathing
  2. Not able to breathe
  3. Pain/discomfort in the chest
  4. Not able to do even day to day activities
  5. Breath rapidly
  6. Dizziness or anxious
  7. Difficulty in speaking
  8. Cough Blood
  9. Sweating
  10. Whistling sound while breathing

The most important thing you should do while someone is facing any breath-related issue is to immediately dial the medical emergency number. And while waiting for the ambulance:-

  • Check the pulse of the patient
  • Loosen their clothes
  • Help the person in using an inhaler or home oxygen (if prescribed by the doctor)

And if you are facing breathing problems, then try to calm down while waiting for the ambulance. Sit straight and take someone’s help if possible.

Dr. Sheetu Singh, a nationally renowned pulmonologist, Director ILD & Pulmonary Rehab Clinic, is an expert in chest-related conditions. She got her training from SMS Medical College, Jaipur followed by a visit to Cleveland Clinic, USA.

Contact Info

Address: Mahavir Jaipuriya Rajasthan Hospital Milap Nagar, JLN Marg, Jaipur

Mobile: (+91)-8696666380

Email-Id: sheetusingh@yahoo.co.in

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