A sore throat is a common ailment often caused by viral infections like the common flu or cold or occasionally by bacterial infections such as Streptococcus. The majority of sore throats are minor and go away on their own in a couple of days. However, it’s critical to be on the lookout for indications that your sore throat can be a sign of a more serious infection. If your sore throat is accompanied by high fever, difficulty breathing or swallowing, persistent pain for more than a week or the appearance of white patches on the back of your throat, it’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional, consulting with Dr. Sheetu Singh is a prudent step towards finding relief and maintaining your overall health. 

Sore throats are common in kids. It might be challenging to determine if your child has a sore throat that will go away on its own or one brought on by a more serious infection. These symptoms could indicate strep throat tonsillitis, infection or other bacterial infections that may require Antibiotics for treatment. Additionally, it’s advisable to get medical treatment right away if you have a weakened immune system or underlying medical issues as you may be more vulnerable to infections with a higher propensity for severity. Here’s some common infection information that may include a sore throat.

  • The Common Cold 

A viral illness like the common cold is the main cause of sore throats. These illnesses are more prevalent in the winter, but they can occur at any time. In addition to a scratchy throat and sore, a cold virus can cause your child to have a runny nose, fever and cough. A virus-induced sore throat won’t go better with antibiotics. Usually, these infections resolve in 7–10 days without medication. The best method to treat a cold and sore throat in a child is to keep them as comfortable as possible, ensure they drink lots of fluids and give them plenty of rest. 

  • Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease 

Foot, hand and mouth disease is caused by a family of viruses called Enteroviruses. This infection most often spreads among young children during summer and fall, although cases may occur year-round. Early signs may include a fever, sore throat or mouthache, then a rash that looks like a mix of tiny red bumps and blisters, especially on the hands, feet, buttocks and around the mouth. Blisters and sores may form in the throat and mouth making it painful to swallow. As with other viruses, Antibiotics will not help this type of sore throat. Dr. Sheetu Singh may recommend Acetaminophen or Ibuprofen for the fever and pain, along with fluids and rest at home until the blister is healed. 

  • Strep Throat 

An infection known as Strep Throat is brought on by the bacteria Streptococcus Pyogene. It’s most commonly seen among children 5 to 15 years old, usually during early spring and winter. Only 20% to 30% of throat infections in school-age children are caused by strep throat. Symptoms include pus on the tonsils, sore throat, fever, difficulty swallowing and swollen glands. Children may also complain of stomachaches, headaches and may develop a red, shaper-like rash on their bodies. A runny nose or cough nose are not typical symptoms of sore throat among older children. Strep throat is extremely uncommon in toddlers and infants. 

Why is it Important to Know the Difference? 

Children’s sore throats are typically brought on by viral infections, which do not respond to medications and heal on their own. Children with strep throat also may recover without Antibiotics. However, antibiotics can speed up recovery time, lower the risk of developing certain complications from strep throat and reduce contagiousness. One of the most crucial complications to prevent is acute rheumatic fever, a condition that can harm the heart and joints. Antibiotics are important for treating bacterial infections like strep throat but have their risks including yeast infections, diarrhea, the development of antibiotic resistance and allergic reactions. 

Sore Throat: Diagnosis & Treatment 

After evaluating your child and clearing out a bacterial infection, your pediatrician can identify a sore throat brought on by a virus. The best way to care for a sore throat caused by a virus is to keep your kid comfortable and make sure they rest and get plenty of fluids. Dr. Sheetu Singh may recommend Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen to relieve the pain and fever. For foot, hand and mouth disease, which is highly contagious your child should stay home until the blisters begin to heal. 

Preventing Illnesses That Cause Sore Throat 

The bacteria and viruses that cause a sore throat are passed from individual to individual through the hands of someone who is infected or droplets of moisture in the air. The illnesses may spread through childcare centers and schools. The fact that people are frequently most contagious before they even start to exhibit symptoms makes preventive difficult. Covering sneezes and cough with a tissue or upper arm, washing hands, cleaning toys and not sharing drinking cups is the best way to try to prevent the spread of illness. 


Sore Throat in Adult: A Sore Throat is a common issue and usually is caused by a bacterial or viral infection. The medical term for a Sore Throat is ‘Pharyngitis’. In adults, it typically goes away on its own without any issues, but it’s crucial to know when to seek medical help. A sore throat, as well as other upper respiratory diseases like the common cold, can be brought on by viruses. Antibiotics are not used to treat sore throats brought on by the common cold virus but instead may be treated with pain medication, rest and other therapies aimed at relieving symptoms. Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a type of bacterium that causes Pharyngitis. Strep Throat is treated with a course of Antibiotics. 

Symptoms of Sore Throat 

Most patients who have a sore throat have viral Pharyngitis. The most common viruses are those that cause upper respiratory infections such as the common cold. Symptoms of viral infection can include:

  • Hoarseness, cough or soreness in the roof of the mouth
  • Congested or a runny nose
  • Irritation or redness of the eyes

Some viruses can make you feel quite unwell and raise your temperature. Approximately 10% of adults with a sore throat have strep throat. The following are strep throat symptoms and warning signs:

  • Fever (temperature greater than (100.4°F or 38°C)
  • Pain in the throat
  • Runny nose, no coughs or irritation and redness of the eyes. 
  • White patches of pus on the back or side of the throat
  • Enlarged lymph glands in the neck

If you have a Sore Throat along with any of the following, then contact Dr. Sheetu Singh, she recommended a treatment plan that included hydration, rest and a course of Antibiotics to address the underlying infection. 

  • Skin rash
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Swelling of the tongue or neck
  • Difficulty opening the mouth or stiff neck
  • drooling due to difficulty swallowing 
  • medicine or underlying condition that may be affecting your immune system

Sore Throat Diagnosis 

Most people with a Sore Throat get Finer without treatment. The typical cold viruses that cause Sore Throat do not have a specific treatment. 

1. Is it strep or not- A combination of symptoms (enlarged glands in the neck, fever, no cough and white patches on your tonsils) can help in determining if you have Strep. A quick test or throat culture may be conducted if you exhibit two or more symptoms. 

Your doctor may review the symptoms and medical history. She or he may conduct a physical exam that includes:

  • examining the throat with a lighted device and, most likely, the ears and nasal passages.
  • Checking for swollen Lymph nodes by gently rubbing the neck. 
  • Listening to your or your kids breathing with a Stethoscope

2. Throat Swab

In many cases, Dr. Sheetu Singh uses a simple test to detect Streptococcal bacteria, the cause of strep throat. To obtain a sample of the patient’s secretions, the doctor uses a sterile swab on the back of the throat. The sample is subsequently delivered to a lab for examination. 

Rapid antigen tests are less accurate, although they can swiftly identify strep bacteria. As a result, if the antigen test is negative, the doctor may send a throat culture to a lab for strep throat testing. In some cases, a molecular test may be used by doctors to find Streptococcal bacteria. A Sterile Swab is used in this test to collect a sample of secretions from the back of the throat. 

Treatment of Sore Throat  

A viral illness that causes a sore throat typically lasts five to seven days and doesn’t require medical attention. Antibiotics don’t help treat a viral infection. To ease fever and pain, many people turn to Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or other mild pain relievers. If your child is experiencing discomfort, you might want to give them over-the-counter pain relievers made specifically for babies or kids, such as acetaminophen (Children’s Tylenol, FeverAll, etc.) or Ibuprofen (Children’s Advil, Children’s Motrin, etc.) to help them feel better. 

Never give Aspirin to teenagers or children because it has been linked to Reye’s syndrome, a rare but potentially life-threatening condition that causes swelling in the brain and liver. 

Treating bacterial infections :

If a bacterial infection is the root cause of your or your child’s sore throat, your doctor or pediatrician will recommend Antibiotics. If the symptoms have vanished, you must still complete the entire course of Antibiotics as directed. If the treatment is not taken completely as prescribed the illnesses may worsen or spread to other areas of the body. Also not completing the full course of Antibiotics to treat Strep Throat can increase a child’s risk of Rheumatic fever or serious kidney inflammation. 

How to Prevent Sore Throat 

Here are some ways to avoid getting that scratchy, raw, burning feeling at the back of your throat. Additionally, take the following precautions to prevent the flu and colds which frequently result in sore throat:

  • Wash your hands often
  • Stay away from individuals who are sick
  • Dont share a drink, food or utensils
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Keep your hands away from your face and eyes
  • Drink lots of fluids
  • Get plenty of rest


A Sore throat is a scratching, pain, or burning sensation in the throat that often gets worse when swallowing. The most common cause of a sore throat (Pharyngitis) is a viral infection such as the Flu or a cold. A sore throat is a burning or scratchy feeling in the back of your throat. Symptoms of a sore throat typically go away in a few days. An infection-related sore throat disappears on its own. Strep throat, a less ordinary type of sore throat caused by bacteria, requires treatment with Antibiotics to prevent complications. Other less common causes of sore throat might require more complex treatment. 

What is Sore Throat?

A Sore throat, often characterized by pain, discomfort or scratchiness in the throat, is a common ailment that can result from various causes. It typically arises due to viral infections such as the Influenza or common cold which inflame the throat Mucous Membranes. Other factors like allergies, smoking, bacterial infections or environmental irritants can also lead to a sore throat. While the majority of sore throats are minor and go away on their own in a few days, some may need medical treatment, particularly if they last for a long time, are severe or are accompanied by other disturbing symptoms. 

What are the Symptoms of Sore Throat

Other than throat pain, sore throat symptoms may include:

  • throat discomfort or a scratchy feeling
  • Difficult swallowing
  • Speaking or swallowing causes more discomfort
  • Swollen glands, sore in your jaw or neck
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Runny nose
  • uneasy stomach
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • cough
  • Nasal congestion (stuffy nose)
  • Fatigue
  • Hoarseness or muffled voice

Throat Anatomy

The throat includes the Esophagus; windpipe also known as the Trachea; and voice box also known as the tonsils, Larynx and Epiglottis. The following are other signs and symptoms of infections that cause sore throats:

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Headaches
  • Body aches
  • Vomiting or Nausea

What Causes Sore Throat?

The majority of Sore Throats are caused by viral infections like the Flu or the common cold. Sore Throats may be a symptom of the following conditions or issues:

  • Bacterial infection: Bacterial sinus infection and Strep throat are examples of bacterial infections that may cause sore throats.
  • Allergies: Allergic reactions to dust mites, pollen, pets or mold can make your throat scratchy and dry. Postnasal drip causes a sore throat due to allergies (when your throat feels scratchy due to nasal discharge). Your throat becomes painfully itchy from the mucous. 
  • Tonsillitis: The two tiny lumps of soft tissue at the back of your throat are called tonsils. They seize the germs that make you ill. Tonsillitis occurs when your Tonsils become inflamed and infected. Viruses and Bacteria can cause Tonsillitis.
  • Acid reflux: Those who have Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) experience throat burning and pain. Heartburn is a pain that you experience when stomach acid backs up into your Esophagus. The tube that carries food from your throat to your stomach is called your Esophagus. 
  • Overuse or irritants: By screaming or yelling, you can strain your throat. You may also develop a sore throat if you smoke or drink very hot liquids or eat spicy food. 
  • Mouth breathing: If you breathe through your mouth rather than your nose when you’re sleeping, you may have a Sore Throat. 

Prevention of Sore Throat 

Avoiding germs that cause sore throats and maintaining proper hygiene are the best ways to prevent them. Some of them are:

  • Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly for at least 20 seconds, before and after eating, after coughing or sneezing or after using the toilet.
  • Avoid touching your face. Avoid touching your nose, mouth or eyes.
  • Avoid sharing. Drinking glasses, food or utensils
  • Cough or sneeze, put it in a tissue, discard it, and then wash your hands. When necessary sneeze into your elbow
  • Avoid drinking fountains with your mouth or touching public phones
  • Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers when soap and water are not accessible, as a substitute for cleaning your hands
  • Avoid close contact with individuals who are sick or have symptoms
  • Regularly clean and disinfect doorknobs, phones, remotes, light switches and computer keyboards. When you clean phones, travel, remotes in your hotel room and light switches. 

How are Sore Throats Treated by Healthcare Professionals?

The best way to treat your sore throat depends on what caused it. For instance, If you have a cold and your throat bothers as a result, Dr. Sheetu Singh may suggest over-the-counter medication to treat both your cold symptoms and your sore throat. If you have strep throat, Dr. Sheetu Singh may prescribe Antibiotics to treat the bacterial infection. Additional treatments for particular causes could include:

  • Over-the-counter Antihistamine medication: Sore throats may result from PostNasal drip from allergies. Antihistamines may dry PostNasal drip.
  • Over-the-counter Antacids: The heartburn and sore throat brought on by acid reflux may be relieved with Antacids. Other measures, such as avoiding large meals just before night, may be helpful.

Dr. Sheetu Singh, a nationally renowned pulmonologist, Director ILD & Pulmonary Rehab Clinic, is an expert in chest-related conditions. She got her training from SMS Medical College, Jaipur followed by a visit to Cleveland Clinic, USA.

Contact Info

Address: Mahavir Jaipuriya Rajasthan Hospital Milap Nagar, JLN Marg, Jaipur

Mobile: (+91)-8696666380

Email-Id: sheetusingh@yahoo.co.in

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