Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD is a broad term for diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Just like any other respiratory disease, these diseases also cause difficulty in breathing thus affecting our routine lives. If conditions remain undiagnosed and untreated, they can lead to permanent and irreversible lung damage.  COPD is a progressive condition of the respiratory tract showing mild symptoms initially that intensify with time. The correct diagnosis followed by the required precise treatment can slow down and eventually cure it. 

What Is COPD – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment – Dr. Sheetu Singh

Although many of the symptoms resemble, there is a difference between COPD and asthma. COPD is a chronic condition that is mostly caused by smoking. Asthma, however, is also a chronic disease but is triggered by a variety of allergens. It is certainly possible, a person might have both conditions and hence would require treatment for both. 

Causes of COPD: 

The major cause of COPD is smoking tobacco which accounts for 90% of the diagnosed cases but there are other possible causes too. 

– Air pollutants that can damage our airways. 

– Passive smoking i.e., inhaling the smoke released by the smoker. 

– Absence of alpha-1 antitrypsin which is an enzyme that protects our lungs from the effects of inflammation. Lack of this enzyme can lead to emphysema. This makes it a genetic disorder too but is uncommon. 

– Pollutants present at the workplace that include smoke, dust, fumes, etc. 


Symptoms of COPD are not noticeable unless there is remarkable lung damage affecting our breathing patterns and routine lives. The condition progressively worsens if remains unnoticed for a longer period. 

The symptoms include any of the following: 

– Difficulty in breathing, especially during any physical activity

– Wheezing sound (such as observed in asthma) 

– Chest congestion 

– Fatigue

– Production of mucus increases

– In severe cases, the color of mucus changes with time, also there is a specific odor produced

– Presence of blood in sputum

– Loss of weight in later stages

– Increased and frequent respiratory infections

– Fever 

– Headaches 

Symptoms can worsen if a person continues to smoke or is exposed to smoke regularly. 

If you observe any of the above-mentioned symptoms, especially if they are regular or there is the presence of blood in the sputum, you must immediately consult your health expert. A pulmonologist can help you diagnose the exact condition and prescribe the medication needed for immediate relief as well as a prolonged cure. Dr. Sheetu Singh is a known pulmonologist who has hands-on experience in curing such long-lasting ailments. Book an appointment if you observe any of such symptoms, or your lips and nails turning blue lately for expert advice. 


Treatment for COPD can be a blend of medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes. If the condition is severe, surgeries can be recommended, especially in cases of severe lung damage.  

Medication includes the use of bronchodilators and corticosteroids. Bronchodilators are taken usually by an inhaler or a nebulizer and help to reduce the tightness of the muscle present around our airways. Corticosteroids can help to lower the production of mucus and can reduce inflammation. 

A person who has developed this condition is also advised to make changes in their lifestyle that includes: 

– Balanced diet to provide nutrition to the body

– Regular physical activity

– Avoid smoking, both active and passive. 

– Taking regular medication as prescribed. 


Pathogens are those little organisms that can not be seen by the naked eye. These micro-organisms find their way into the human body, establishing themselves, resulting in one or the other disease. These organisms multiply inside the human body, derive nutrition from it, take shelter and in return cause pathogenicity. Although not all bacteria are pathogenic, some are useful too. They prevent other bacteria or organisms from settling inside the same body. Let’s find what is the difference between bacterial and viral infections.

Difference between bacterial and viral infections?

Bacteria are unicellular microorganisms, that can survive with or without the host. Mostly, they aren’t harmful, in fact inside our bodies, they are regulating vicious functions too. The disease-causing bacteria however, when colonising inside the host organism, multiply rapidly inside and make enormous copies of themselves which causes the release of various types of toxins in greater amounts leading to cell death, hence the appearance of symptoms caused by those bacteria.bacterial and viral infections.

How are bacteria different from viruses? 

Viruses are comparatively much smaller in size and they can only multiply inside the host, unlike bacteria which can also reproduce outside the host organism. Also, they aren’t cells, they are just genetic material coated inside the protein layer. They enter the healthy cells, produce copies of their genetic material and kill the cells finally to infect neighbouring cells too.

How are bacterial infections different from viral infections?

Although, it is difficult to differentiate between a viral and a bacterial disease without pathological help as the mode of transmission and infection are quite similar, symptomatically, your health expert can conclude whether it is a bacterial or a viral infection. Medication usually starts after the confirmation of the disease.

Bacterial infection: 

These infections occur when the pathogenic bacteria gain entry into a human body and multiply producing copies of themselves in large numbers that our immune system fails to work against them. This leads to the establishment of bacteria hence the disease.

After colonising the cells of the host, the toxins produced by the bacteria start showing their effect on the target organ. The rate of reproduction of bacteria is quite high, sadly, our immune system can not take such huge numbers.

The incubation period of the bacteria inside the body of the host varies and the appearance of symptoms, therefore, differs with the disease.

Key symptoms that indicate the bacterial infection include:

– Long-lasting symptoms.

– Increase in fever as the disease progresses.

– High fever starts interfering with normal body functions.

Examples of bacterial diseases include Skin infections, STDs such as Gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, Syphilis, and respiratory infections such as Pneumonia, TB etc.

 Viral infection: 

Viral infections occur when disease-causing viruses enter the human body and produce large copies, masking themselves inside the human cells and devastating their immune systems. The viral genetic material takes over the host machinery and uses its enzymes to produce its copies which means it requires the host for a hostile environment to reproduce following which it spreads throughout and produces disease.

Key symptoms of viral infections include:

– Immediate symptoms within a few days.

– Fever occurs but is not as dangerous as bacterial infections.

Examples of viral diseases include skin infections like poxes, respiratory infections such as influenza, the common cold, Corona, and STDs like HIV & Herpes etc.


Impact of air pollution is a global public health concern leading to significant morbidity and mortality. It is the ninth leading cause of death across the world. Air pollution contributes to cardiac and respiratory diseases, amongst the diseases of chest asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, and respiratory tract infections such as tuberculosis and lung cancer.

Impact of air pollution on health | What are the sources of air pollution?

The major contributors to outdoor pollution are vehicular exhaust, industrial air pollution, burning of fossil fuels, and crop burning. Air pollutants are carried across huge distances by wind, sand storms, and changes in atmospheric pressures. On the other hand, indoor air pollution is seen particularly in rural areas where firewood, coal, and biomass are burnt for cooking, and other purposes.

How do we measure air pollution?

Air pollutants are made up of a mixture of manmade and natural pollutants. The “criterion” pollutants are primary pollutants which include particulate matter (PM), sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, ozone, and lead. The chief source of PM particles is traffic pollution or vehicular exhaust. They are divide into coarse particles 2.5-10 microns (PM10), fine particles less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5), and ultra-fine particles less than 0.1 microns (UF). Ozone is a gas that mixes with organic compounds, and oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon to create the dangerous ozone smog, particularly in the winter.

What are the chest or lung diseases caused due to air pollution?

Air pollution leads to irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat. A dry hacking cough is often the only manifestation. The most vulnerable groups include pregnant females, children, the elderly, and individuals with chronic heart, lung, and kidney disease. Traffic-associated air pollution (TRAP) is related to the development of asthma in children. One unit increase in PM10 is associate with increase acute exacerbations and deaths due to COPD. The expose individuals are predispose to exacerbation of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and interstitial lung disease. Impact of air pollution is associate with more emergency visits, greater hospitalization rates, and higher death rates.

How can we reduce air pollution?

The need of the hour is to use renewable sources of energy such as solar energy, and wind energy. Electronic vehicles are necessary to bring down air pollution and greenhouse effects. Try to reduce the use of vehicles, walk rather than use cars.

How to protect yourself from the ill harms of pollution?

Lung development starts in the womb and continues upto 6years, thus exposure to pollutants may impact the lung is most marked during this period. During the days with high air quality index, it is preferable for predisposed individuals such as children, the elderly, pregnant females, and patients with chronic disease to stay inside and avoid strenuous activities outdoors. The patients should take their optimal treatment for their diseases and maintain regular follow up with their physicians. It is important to use protective masks during outdoor activities. However, masks do not provide full protection.

Do air purifiers with HEPA filters purify the air and reduce the risk of disease?

Purifiers may be use for small enclose spaces such as a room. Recommend HEPA-filtered ones. However, they have a limited role in outdoor spaces. Air pollution remains a matter of concern. We need to act fast otherwise we will have to face the consequences.


Coughing is a common disease all year round, but respiratory diseases increase during winter. The virus does not change with the season nor does the seasonal variation make it more contagious. But, the survival of the virus increases with the drop in temperature, i.e., the virus remains in the environment for a longer time. Also, winters are the season of extreme dryness. This dryness affects our respiratory passage too making the hold of the virus in the tract thus making us ill and cause winter cough. Coughing is a response of our immune system to expel something out of the respiratory tract which is any alien antigen or pathogen or allergen and has gained entry inside from the nasal passage.

Winter cough: Cause, Treatment, and remedies

Dr. Sheetu explains, our nasal passage has different barriers such as hair, and mucus which prevent the entry of substances to protect our lungs from the pathogens present in the outside environment. Other than viral infection, coughing can also be cause by cold air and fluctuations in temperature. Thus, colder months experience more cases of cough than usual. Infections like these cause congestion in the respiratory passage due to the accumulation of mucus or phlegm. Cold and dry air irritates our throat and produces responses such as coughing. Coughing is a mechanism to reverse this feeling of an irritated throat.


Winter cough can be wet or dry depending upon the production of mucus. A productive or wet cough produces more amount of mucus. Medications depend upon the type of cough. Decongestants and cough suppressants are advise to get rid of coughing. If these medicines fail to work, other possible causes could contribute to chronic coughing hence medications specific to the problems are prescrib. Visit the best chest specialist for further assistance and apt medication.


Winter cough remrdies

Several home remedies are proven effective for controlling cough and irritated throat. Given below are a few of them.

– Warm liquids such as soup, and tea help to keep us hydrate and provide relief to our irritate throats that are inflame or scratch because of coughing.

– Honey has anti-inflammatory properties hence is recommended for cough and cold. 

– Gargles with salt water soothes your throat and promote the healing of tissues.

– Other herbs that have inflammatory properties such as turmeric, garlic, ginger, thyme etc are advised for proper healing of the inflamed cells and tissues of the throat and tract.

– Drinking plenty of fluids keeps our body hydrated and keeps our throat moist which prevents coughing.

– Inhaling moist air i.e., steam from the hot water helps to moisturize dry and inflamed tissues of the throat.

You don’t have to take winter cough lightly. During winter, if you suffer from cough for more than 1 or 2 weeks, consult a lungs expert in Jaipur immediately. Extreme cough can be caused pnemonia. And whoever is an asthma patient should take extra care of himself in winters. Asthma patients face more problems due to dryness. Read this article also if you have asthma symptoms – Asthma Treatment


ARDS is a condition generated due to a lack of oxygen in the lungs. This deficiency occurs due to the build-up of fluid in the tiny sacs present inside the lungs which are called alveoli. This reduces the supply of blood in the organs using which they function properly.  Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome occurs in people with already existing critical illnesses or having any significant injuries. Many patients suffering from this condition do not survive. However, it is not always the case. The damage in the surviving ones can be long-lasting but it is not always fatal. 

What is Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

lungs into the alveoli i.e., the site of oxygen enrichment, explains Dr. Sheetu Singh Usually, a membrane keeps this vessel covered to keep the fluid in its place but due to some injury or illness it starts leaking out and cause such condition of excessive deposition of fluid that blocks the alveolar site of exchange. 

The underlying causes of this disease are:

– Pneumonia: 

 The pathogenic infection of the lungs causes inflammation in either or both lungs. It causes infection and inflammation in the alveoli of the lungs which eventually get filled with fluid or pus causing difficulty in breathing. 

– COVID- 19 

 This recent catastrophic disease has caused massive damage to the lungs of people across the globe. When the infection or post-COVID-19 effects reaches up to the lungs fluid-filled sacs cause difficulty in breathing. 

– Inhalation of dangerous chemicals or substances

Smoke or chemical in the environment can result in ARDS. Also, aspiration of liquids or vomit, or saliva can cause infection in the lungs causing such a condition. 

– Sepsis

 The most common cause of ARDS is this widespread and serious infection in the bloodstream. 


Symptoms are this disease vary hugely depending upon the severity and intensity. Also, they can be synonymous with symptoms of other lung disorders. These include: 

  • Shortness of breath
  • Forceful or labored breathing 
  • Decrease in blood pressure
  • Fatigue. 



Several complications can arise from this condition even while suffering from it. Many patients experience blood clots while being on a ventilator, especially in the deep veins of the legs, and this gives rise to a condition called pulmonary embolism. Also, a condition called pneumothorax may arise. The most common complication of ARDS, i.e., scarring of lung tissues can occur within a few days of the onset of the disease.

Diagnosis and treatment: 

There are no specific diagnostic techniques for acute respiratory distress syndrome. Physical examinations, imaging, and oxygen levels in the lungs help to rule out the disease. Dr. Sheetu Singh provides the best treatment that follows the diagnosis, failing which the condition of the lungs speedily deteriorates. Treatment methods can be a blend of medications, supply of oxygen, and supply of fluids, depending upon the severity of the disease. 


Pulmonary Function Test (PFT) also referred to as Lung Function Tests, are the tests that measure breathing patterns and identify the functioning of the lungs. These help in determining the amount of air going in and out of the lungs, and finding out if your lungs work efficiently during physical exercises as well. PFTs are non-invasive diagnostic tests to identify different aspects related to lung functioning such as lung volume and capacities, gaseous exchange, and rate of flow of air. 

Pulmonary Function Test (PFT)- Purpose, Procedure, and Risks

Dr. Sheetu explains why is there a need of performing PFTs in certain cases, it is because the functioning of the lungs is significantly related to our life. The regulation of air and hence oxygen in our blood is what keeps our life on the go. Different types of pulmonary function tests rule out different conditions, some find out the amount of oxygen absorbed and mixed into the blood, and others find out the effect of exercise on the lungs. The most common test is Spirometry which checks the amount of air inhaled and exhaled. 

Dr. Sheetu Singh is a renowned lung expert and a leading pulmonologist with a great passion for helping people with pulmonological issues. It creates a lot of discomfort in our daily life and hence requires immediate attention. Her enthusiasm for helping patients with chest ailments, helps her reduce suffering and minimalize discomfort. 


Mostly Pulmonary Function Test (PFT) are advise in cases of chronic conditions such as Asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and bronchiectasis. Sarcoidosis, allergies, breathing difficulties, or scarring of lung tissues are other possibilities for which these are to be perform. 

Types of lung function tests

  1. Spirometry
  2. Gas diffusion study
  3. Lung volumes or body plethysmography
  4. Cardiopulmonary exercise test


The classical and major method for measuring breathing i.e., inhalation and exhalation Spirometry. In this method, a mouthpiece is connect to which a person breathes. The number of inhalations and exhalations can be counted over some time. Numbers vary when a person is standing, so usually, it is calculated while a person is sitting. This method can evaluate a lot of lung diseases depending on how slow or fast a person is breathing. 

Other ways to calculate lung volume include: 

  1. Plethysmography: it is an accurate way to determine the lung volume when a person is asked to sit in an air-tight box that resembles a phone booth. You are asked to breathe in and out through a mouthpiece and changes in air pressure inside the box allow lung volume to be determined and calculated. 
  2. Another method is by giving harmless tracer ger, usually, for one breath, the difference in the amount of air inhaled and exhaled indicates how effectively gas can travel into the blood from the lungs. 


Because of their non-invasive nature, PFTs have minimal risks and is mostly safe, given a person follows the instruction properly. Rare risks of the procedure include: 

  •  Shortness of breath. 
  •  Coughing.
  •  Asthma attack due to deep inhalations. 
  •  Dizziness. 

Dr. Sheetu Singh suggests people with recent histories of chest or heart surgeries must avoid PFTs. Also, people with conditions like an aneurysm must avoid getting these done. Whenever you experience chest pain or problems, a PFT is required to determine which lung disease you have. If you have lung disease, you should immediately see your doctor or Dr Sheetu Singh for the best lung disease treatment.


It is a genetic disorder which is inherited from parents to their offspring. This occurs due to gene defect thus causing changes in the protein produced by it. That protein control movement of salt in and out of the cell. A child must inherit one copy of the defective gene from each to have this disease. Cystic fibrosis can cause dire results in the individuals carrying the responsible gene. CF affects secretions of the respiratory, digestive, and reproductive systems. Usually, fluids from the organs are thin and watery, but in patients with possible gene defects, the secretions are thick and sticky. The sticky nature of the fluids clogs the passage of the secretions. 

What is cystic fibrosis? Symptoms, and Treatments

Dr. Sheetu Singh is a leading pulmonologist with great enthusiasm and passion for helping people with respiratory ailments. She explains, in the respiratory tract, if thick mucus gets accumulate, it blocks the airways causing interrupt passage for the exchange of gases. This makes it difficult to breathe for a person. Mucus tends to trap antigens and pathogens. Trap pathogens are remove along with mucus or are destroy. However, in this case, since mucus remains clogged, infection pertains within. Such conditions can give rise to severe lung damage and respiratory troubles. 


According to Dr. Sheetu Singh, symptoms of CF include the following

  • Thick mucus and persistent cough. 
  • Recurring lung infections. 
  • Sounds while breathing. 
  • Repeated sinusitis
  • Then, stuffed nose with thick mucus. 

Complications in respiratory systems include various conditions such as bronchiectasis, formation of polyps in the nasal cavity, respiratory failures etc. 

In case of digestive difficulties from the disease symptoms can be: 

  • In newborns, blockage in the intestine is commonly observe. 
  • Foul-smelling stools, greasy. 
  • Long-term complaint of constipation.


There is no cure for this disease but can be prevent. Preventive measures can help improve the quality of life and help lead a better life. Some preventive measures include: 

  • Providing nutrition and building immunity to prevent infections. 
  • Controlling infections occurring in the lungs. 
  • Removal of mucus from the respiratory tract to clear the airways for the transport of gases. 
  • Medication specifically targeting gene mutation can be use. 
  • Lung infections are prevent using antibiotics. 
  • Bronchodilators can be used that help in keeping the bronchial relaxed open to keep open the airways. 
  • Drugs to remove the thickness of mucus such as hypertonic saline help to cough out the mucus. 
  • Then, anti-inflammatory medicines are used to reduce inflammation in the lungs. 

A person with cystic fibrosis can usually go to school and work, despite the disease being progressive and requiring daily care. Their quality of life is often better than that of previous generations of people with CF. People with CF are now living into their mid-30s and 40s, and some are even living into their 50s due to improvements in screening and treatment. Other techniques used are vest therapy, and nasal and sinus surgeries are recommended. Consult a specialist for proper diagnosis and followed treatment. 


Your doctor has prescribed medication for you to use a nebulizer to inhale because you have asthma, COPD, or another lung condition. A nebulizer is a tiny device that creates a mist from liquid medication. Through a mouthpiece that is connected to the machine, you sit and breathe in. Breathing slowly and deeply for 10 to 15 minutes allows the medication to enter your lungs. This makes inhaling the medication into your lungs fairly simple. You may not need a nebulizer if you have asthma. Inhalers are usually just as effective as pills. However, nebulizers can deliver medicine more efficiently than an inhaler. Your doctor and you can determine if a nebulize is the most effective way to get the medicine you need. It depends on what type of medicine you take and whether you find nebulizers easier to use.

How to use a Nebulizer

You might not need to use a nebulizer if you have asthma. An inhaler can be used instead and is typically just as effective. However, a nebulizer is more efficient than an inhaler at administering medication. If a nebulizer is the most effective way for you to take your medication, you and your doctor can decide together. Your preference for a nebulizer and the type of medication you take may influence the device you use. The majority of nebulizers are compact and portable. The majority of nebulizers also use air compressors to operate. An ultrasonic nebulizer is a different type that works with sound vibrations. Although more expensive, this type of nebulizer is quieter.

Good nebulization practice:

Nebulization is a popular alternative method for administering medication to the lungs. Other methods include inhalers, oral therapy using tablets, and intravenous therapy. It is primarily used in clinical settings for the long-term treatment of obstructive airway diseases like cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, and acute respiratory ailments.

A nebulizer transforms liquid medication—whether a solution or suspension—into vapor, aerosol or a mist so that the patient can inhale it and receive an effective direct lung delivery. The main goal of nebulization is to make it so that the medication can easily and quickly reach the lungs without the patient having to exert much coordination, which is a problem with handheld devices. As a result, it is the preferred method of medication delivery for those who cannot use handheld inhalers effectively, such as children, the elderly, and patients. Nebulization therapy faces opposition despite being widely accepted and used. So, Lack of knowledge and inaccurate information about the use of nebulizers are frequently to blame for this. Cipla has launched a public initiative known as Good Nebulization Practice, or, simply, GNP, to promote knowledge and the proper use of nebulization therapy.

After each use, take care to clean the nebulizer equipment.

Please clean the nebulizer apparatus according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Among some suggested rules are the following:

  • Disassemble the nebulizer. Wash every component in water and liquid dish soap (apart from the tubing and finger valve). Use water to rinse.
  • Shake off any extra water with a nebulizer after cleaning it.
  • To quickly dry the nebulizer, reattach the nebulizer’s components and tubing to the air compressor. Then, turn on the compressor. Before storing the nebulizer, make sure it is completely dry.


One of the most well-known pulmonologists in India is Dr. Sheetu Singh. She is a well-known specialist who provides the best and most trustworthy care. She provides each patient with top-notch care and attention. Dr Sheetu is recognize as one of the best pulmonologists in India. She has carried out several lung procedures successfully. If you need professional assistance, you can contact Dr. Sheetu Singh, a pulmonology specialist, for it.


It’s usually not a big deal if you have a sore throat or cough.  Most of the time, they disappear on their own. In some cases, however, they can be symptoms of a more serious disease, such as throat cancer. In general, it’s refers to any form of cancer that develops in the throat or voice box. The general term for cancer that affects one or more areas of your throat is “throat cancer.” Typically, those who have larynx cancer also have laryngeal or pharyngeal cancer (the middle part of their throat.) Surgery is frequently used by medical professionals to treatcancer.

What is cancer of the throat?

The common term for cancer that affects one or more areas of your throat is “cancer.” Typically, those who have larynx cancer also have laryngeal or pharyngeal cancer (the middle part of their throat.) Surgery is frequently used by medical professionals to treat cancer. The kind, location, and extent of thecancer all influence the particular procedure.

So, cancer of the throat can take many different forms. Laryngeal cancer and oropharyngeal cancer are the two most typical kinds of larynx cancer. Your larynx is affected by laryngeal cancer(voice box). The center section of your throat is affect by oropharyngeal carcinoma. Oropharyngeal cancer diagnoses were projected to affect 54,000 individuals in 2022, whereas laryngeal cancer diagnoses were projected to affect 12,000 people. (Breast cancer diagnoses were anticipate to affect roughly 290,560 men and women.) Here is further information about these two prevalent kinds of larynx cancer:

1. Laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal canceris a form of cancer in the voice box. It’s often called laryngeal cancer because it starts in the larynx, or voice box More males than women are affected by this malignancy. So, those over 55 are affect. Your larynx has several potential sites for the onset of laryngeal cancer. The overall survival rate for those withlaryngeal cancer five years following diagnosis is between 46% and 72%.

2. Oropharyngeal cancer

The area of your throat just behind your mouth is affect by oropharyngeal carcinoma. Males are twice as likely as females to acquire oropharyngeal cancer. Usually, those 63 and older are affect. Five years after diagnosis, around 50% of oropharyngeal cancer patients are still living.

Click here for What is Sinus Infection

What signs of throat cancer are there?

Multiple cancer kinds that can impact various aspects of your throat are referred to as throat cancer:

  • more than two weeks of persistent sore throat
  • Having pain or having trouble swallowing (dysphagia).
  • alterations to your voice that continue longer than two weeks, such as hoarseness.
  • your mouth or throat feeling lumpy.
  • lumps in your neck, especially at the back.
  • more than two weeks’ worth of ear discomfort.

What causes throat cancer most often?

When anything causes alterations in the genetic make-up of cells in your throat,cancer results. Healthy throat cells are transform into malignant, proliferating cells by this alteration. What causes this transformation is being research by researchers. However, researchers have connected some behaviors and health issues to cancer that raise your risk of getting the disease:

  • You currently smoke tobacco or use tobacco products (including snuff and chewing tobacco), or you previously smoked tobacco or used tobacco products. The biggest risk factor for head and neck cancer, including larynx cancer, is tobacco use.
  • You consume more alcohol than is typical. Laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer are associate with heavy and regular alcohol use, according to research.
  • You have the human papillomavirus, a particular form of sexually transmitted illness (HPV)


Dr. Sheetu Singh is one of the most well-known pulmonologists in India. She offers the best and most dependable care as a specialist. Her patients receive excellent care and attention from her.She has a well-established reputation as one of India’s top pulmonologists. She has successfully performed several lung procedures. If you are looking for the expert help you can get assistance from Dr. Sheetu Singh, a pulmonology expert, if you require it.


The sinuses are inflamed when they suffer from sinusitis. In the head, there are four pairs of cavities (spaces). There are narrow channels connecting them. Nasal channels drain thin mucus from the sinuses. By draining the nose, bacteria can be kept at bay. When the sinuses become blocked, fluid can fill them instead of air. As a result, bacteria can grow and cause an infection (bacterial sinusitis). If the nasal tissue is inflamed, it is almost always swollen. The illness is also refer to as rhinosinusitis. Many organs are involve in sinus infection, which is a complicate condition. The sinuses in your head can become infected with a sinus infection. ENT specialists can identify sinus-related complications and suggest the best treatment option if you have any sinus-related complications. Anyone can get a sinus infection. Sinusitis is more likely to occur in people with nasal allergies, nasal polyps, asthma, and abnormal nose structures. Sinus infections can also be caused by smoking.

What is Sinus Infection (Sinusitis): Types, Causes, Symptoms

A cold, allergies, and sinus infection can be difficult to differentiate. Colds typically develop, peak, and then fade away slowly. It lasts between a few days and a week. There is a possibility of developing a sinus infection from a cold. In the end, it depends on the symptoms. It is called acute sinusitis when sinusitis lasts less than four weeks. Colds are most commonly the cause of these cases. Some people develop a bacterial infection after experiencing symptoms for a week to ten days. Sinusitis Chronic: Chronic sinusitis, also known as chronic rhinosinusitis, is characterized by persistent symptoms despite medical treatment. Sinusitis is more likely to occur in people who suffer from allergic rhinitis or asthma. Asthma and allergic rhinitis cause inflammation of the airways. A nasal polyp, a deviated nasal septum, an infection, fungus, or a deficiency in the immune system can also result in sinusitis.

How does sinusitis develop?

sinus infections

Several causes of sinusitis include viruses, bacteria, or fungi that swell and block the sinuses. There are several specific causes, including:

  • A common cold.
  • Allergies to mold, including nasal and seasonal allergies.
  • A polyp (growth).
  • Septum deviated from its normal position. Septums are cartilage lines that divide your nose. Deviated septa do not lie straight, so they are closer to the nasal passage on one side, causing blockages.
  • Illness or medication weakens the immune system.

Using pacifiers or drinking bottles while lying down and spending time in daycares could increase the risk of

 sinusitis in infants and young children. Sinus infections are more likely to occur in adults who smoke. Stop smoking if you smoke. Your health and those around you are at risk when you smoke.

Sinus infection types

  1. Acute sinusitis
  2. Chronic sinusitis
  3. Recurrent acute sinusitis
  4. Subacute sinusitis

Sinusitis symptoms and signs: what are they?

The following symptoms characterize sinusitis:

  • Mucus drips down the throat after nasal drip.
  • A stuffy nose or nasal discharge (a thick yellow or green discharge from the nose)
  • There may be facial pressure (especially around the nose, eyes, and forehead), headaches, or tooth or ear pain.
  • Bad breath (halitosis)
  • Coughing.
  • Tiredness.
  • Fever.


This article discussed the types, causes, and symptoms of sinus infections. Among the most renowned pulmonologists in India is Dr. Sheetu Singh. As an expert in Jaipur and Rajasthan, she provides the best and most reliable treatment. Every patient she treats receives a high level of care and treatment. Her reputation as one of the best pulmonologists in India is well known. Various lung surgeries have been performe successfully by her. Dr. Sheetu Singh is a pulmonology specialist in Jaipur who can help you if you need one.

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